vest

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See also: vést and vešt

English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From French veste(a vest, jacket), from Latin vestis(a garment, gown, robe, vestment, clothing, vesture), from Proto-Indo-European *wes-ti(h₂)-, from *wes-(to be dressed) (English wear).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

vest (plural vests)

  1. (now rare) A loose robe or outer garment worn historically by men in Arab or Middle Eastern countries.
  2. (now Canada, US) A sleeveless garment that buttons down the front, worn over a shirt, and often as part of a suit; a waistcoat.
    • 1913, Joseph C. Lincoln, chapter 10, in Mr. Pratt's Patients:
      The Jones man was looking at her hard. Now he reached into the hatch of his vest and fetched out a couple of cigars, everlasting big ones, with gilt bands on them.
  3. (Britain) A sleeveless garment, often with a low-cut neck, usually worn under a shirt or blouse.
  4. A sleeveless top, typically with identifying colours or logos, worn by an athlete or member of a sports team.
  5. Any sleeveless outer garment, often for a purpose such as identification, safety, or storage.
    • 2010, Thomas Mullen, The Many Deaths of the Firefly Brothers, Random House, ISBN 9781400067534, page 162:
      He gripped some of the shreds and pulled off his vest and the shirt beneath it, his clothing disintegrating around him. What in the hell point was there in wearing a twenty-five-pound bulletproof vest if you could still get gunned to death?
  6. A vestment.
    • John Dryden (1631-1700)
      In state attended by her maiden train, / Who bore the vests that holy rites require.
  7. Clothing generally; array; garb.
    • William Wordsworth (1770-1850)
      Not seldom clothed in radiant vest / Deceitfully goes forth the morn.

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