odio

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: ódio, odió, and odiò

Catalan[edit]

Verb[edit]

odio

  1. first-person singular present indicative form of odiar

Galician[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Learned borrowing from Latin odium (hate).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

odio m (plural odios)

  1. hate

Verb[edit]

odio

  1. first-person singular present indicative of odiar

Italian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈɔ.djo/, [ˈɔːd̪jo]
  • Hyphenation: ò‧dio

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from Latin odium (hate), whence also uggia, inherited through Vulgar Latin.

Noun[edit]

odio m (plural odî)

  1. hatred
    Synonyms: astio, avversione, disdegno, disprezzo, esecrazione (literary), livore, risentimento
    Antonyms: adorazione, amore
  2. aversion
    Synonyms: avversione, disdegno, intolleranza
    Antonyms: amore, predilezione
  3. (literary) indignation (towards evil)
  4. An object of hatred.
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the main entry.

Verb[edit]

odio

  1. first-person singular present indicative of odiare

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

A later regularizing substitute for the highly irregular ōdī and the various synonymous expressions with odium of Classical Latin, where it was likely proscribed.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

odiō (present infinitive odere, perfect active odīvī or ōsus sum, supine ōsum); third conjugation iō-variant, optionally semi-deponent

  1. (Late Latin) Synonym of ōdī
    • 44 BCE – 43 BCE, Cicero, Philippicae 13.19.41–42:
      Sed iam vidēte magnī et clārī virī admīrābilem gravitātem atque cōnstantiam:
      'Mihi quidem cōnstat nec meam contumēliam nec meōrum ferre, nec dēserere partīs quās Pompeius odīvit nec veterānōs sēdibus suīs movērī patī nec singulōs ad cruciātum trahī nec fallere fidem quam dedī Dolabellae—'
      Omittō alia: 'fidem Dolabellae,' sānctissimī virī, dēserere homō pius nōn potest.
      But now see the admirable gravity and constancy of a great and distinguished man [‌Mark Anthony]:
      'I am determined not to tolerate injury to me or to my people, or to abandon the party which Pompey hated, or to allow the veterans to be evicted from their homes or to be dragged on their own to crucifixion, or to betray the faith which I gave to Dolabella—'
      I leave out the rest: he cannot break the faith of the such virtuous Dolabella, as an honest man.
    • 8th C. CE, Paulus Diaconus (author), Karl Otfried Müller (editor), Excerpta ex libris Pompeii Festi De significatione verborum (1839), page 201, line 18:
      Ōsī sunt, ab odiō dēclīnāsse antīquōs testis est C. Gracchus in eā, quae est dē lēge Minuciā, cum ait: 'Mīrum sī quid hīs iniūriae fit; semper eōs ōsī sunt.' Quod nunc quoque cum praepositiōne ēlātum frequēns est, quandō dīcimus semper perōsī.
      That the old authors declined it as ōsī sunt from odiō is Gaius Gracchus witness in that which is about the Minucian law, when he says: 'A wonder if any injury is done to these: they've always hated them.' Which is now common too with a preposition, when we always say perōsī.
    • 405 CE, Jerome, Vulgate Psalms.100.3–4:
      Nōn prōpōnēbam ante oculōs meōs rem iniūstam; facientēs praevāricātiōnēs odīvī.
      I did not set before my eyes any unjust thing; I hated the workers of iniquities.

Usage notes[edit]

Consult ōdī.

Conjugation[edit]

   Conjugation of odiō (third conjugation -variant, optionally semi-deponent)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present odiō odis odit odimus oditis odiunt
imperfect odiēbam odiēbās odiēbat odiēbāmus odiēbātis odiēbant
future odiam odiēs odiet odiēmus odiētis odient
perfect odīvī, ōsus sum odīvistī, ōsus es odīvit, ōsus est odīvimus, ōsī sumus odīvistis, ōsī estis odīvērunt, odīvēre, ōsī sunt
pluperfect odīveram, ōsus eram odīverās, ōsus erās odīverat, ōsus erat odīverāmus, ōsī erāmus odīverātis, ōsī erātis odīverant, ōsī erant
future perfect odīverō, ōsus erō odīveris, ōsus eris odīverit, ōsus erit odīverimus, ōsī erimus odīveritis, ōsī eritis odīverint, ōsī erint
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present odiam odiās odiat odiāmus odiātis odiant
imperfect oderem oderēs oderet oderēmus oderētis oderent
perfect odīverim, ōsus sim odīverīs, ōsus sīs odīverit, ōsus sit odīverīmus, ōsī sīmus odīverītis, ōsī sītis odīverint, ōsī sint
pluperfect odīvissem, ōsus essem odīvissēs, ōsus essēs odīvisset, ōsus esset odīvissēmus, ōsī essēmus odīvissētis, ōsī essētis odīvissent, ōsī essent
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present ode odite
future oditō oditō oditōte odiuntō
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives odere ōsum esse ōsūrum esse
participles odiēns ōsus ōsūrus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
odiendī odiendō odiendum odiendō ōsum ōsū

Noun[edit]

odiō

  1. dative singular of odium
  2. ablative singular of odium

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Learned borrowing from Latin odium (hate). Cognate with English odium.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈodjo/, [ˈo̞ð̞jo̞]
  • (Bolivia)
    (file)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

odio m (plural odios)

  1. hate, hatred, loathing (strong aversion; intense dislike)
  2. odium (hatred coupled with disgust)

Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

odio

  1. First-person singular (yo) present indicative form of odiar.