odio

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See also: ódio, odió, and odiò

Catalan[edit]

Verb[edit]

odio

  1. first-person singular present indicative form of odiar

Galician[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Learned borrowing from Latin odium (hate).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

odio m (plural odios)

  1. hate

Verb[edit]

odio

  1. first-person singular present indicative of odiar

Italian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from Latin odium (hate), whence also uggia, inherited through Vulgar Latin.

Noun[edit]

odio m (plural odî)

  1. hatred
    Synonyms: astio, avversione, disdegno, disprezzo, (literary) esecrazione, livore, risentimento
    Antonyms: adorazione, amore
  2. aversion
    Synonyms: avversione, disdegno, intolleranza
    Antonyms: amore, predilezione
  3. (literary) indignation (towards evil)
  4. an object of hatred
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb[edit]

odio

  1. first-person singular present indicative of odiare

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

A regularizing substitute for the highly irregular ōdī and the various synonymous expressions with odium of Classical Latin, first attested as ōdīvit in Cicero and attributed to Marc Antony. It's likely that this perfect form was the first stage of the verb's development, via hypercorrection of the then-current īvī > ī contraction; later this was extended to other tenses on the model of verbs like audiō.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

odiō (present infinitive odīre, perfect active ōdīvī, supine ōsum); fourth conjugation

  1. (Late Latin) Alternative form of ōdī
    • 44 BCE – 43 BCE, Cicero, Philippicae 13.19.41–42:
      Sed iam vidēte magnī et clārī virī admīrābilem gravitātem atque cōnstantiam:
      'Mihi quidem cōnstat nec meam contumēliam nec meōrum ferre, nec dēserere partīs quās Pompeius ōdīvit nec veterānōs sēdibus suīs movērī patī nec singulōs ad cruciātum trahī nec fallere fidem quam dedī Dolābellae—'
      Omittō alia: 'fidem Dolābellae,' sānctissimī virī, dēserere homo pius nōn potest.
      Now observe the incredible seriousness and resolution of a great and distinguished man:
      'I am determined not to tolerate insult to me or to my friends, nor to desert the party which Pompey hated, nor to allow the veterans to be evicted from their homes nor to be dragged one by one to crucifixion, nor to betray my pledge to Dolabella—'
      I leave out the rest: he cannot, as a man of honor, betray his pledge to that model of integrity, Dolabella.
    • 405 CE, Jerome, Vulgate Psalms.100.3–4:
      Nōn prōpōnēbam ante oculōs meōs rem iniūstam; facientēs praevāricātiōnēs ōdīvī.
      I did not set before my eyes any unjust thing; I hated the workers of iniquities.

Usage notes[edit]

  • The only forms of this verb mentioned by any grammarian are the infinitive, the infinitive-derived past imperfect subjunctive, and the supine in the periphrastic future ōsum īre.[1][2]
  • Consult ōdī for more information.

Conjugation[edit]

   Conjugation of odiō (fourth conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present odiō odīs odit odīmus odītis odiunt
imperfect odiēbam odiēbās odiēbat odiēbāmus odiēbātis odiēbant
future odiam odiēs odiet odiēmus odiētis odient
perfect ōdīvī ōdīvistī ōdīvit ōdīvimus ōdīvistis ōdīvērunt,
ōdīvēre
pluperfect ōdīveram ōdīverās ōdīverat ōdīverāmus ōdīverātis ōdīverant
future perfect ōdīverō ōdīveris ōdīverit ōdīverimus ōdīveritis ōdīverint
passive present odior odīris,
odīre
odītur odīmur odīminī odiuntur
imperfect odiēbar odiēbāris,
odiēbāre
odiēbātur odiēbāmur odiēbāminī odiēbantur
future odiar odiēris,
odiēre
odiētur odiēmur odiēminī odientur
perfect ōsus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect ōsus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect ōsus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present odiam odiās odiat odiāmus odiātis odiant
imperfect odīrem odīrēs odīret odīrēmus odīrētis odīrent
perfect ōdīverim ōdīverīs ōdīverit ōdīverīmus ōdīverītis ōdīverint
pluperfect ōdīvissem ōdīvissēs ōdīvisset ōdīvissēmus ōdīvissētis ōdīvissent
passive present odiar odiāris,
odiāre
odiātur odiāmur odiāminī odiantur
imperfect odīrer odīrēris,
odīrēre
odīrētur odīrēmur odīrēminī odīrentur
perfect ōsus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect ōsus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present odī odīte
future odītō odītō odītōte odiuntō
passive present odīre odīminī
future odītor odītor odiuntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives odīre ōdīvisse ōsūrum esse odīrī ōsum esse ōsum īrī
participles odiēns ōsūrus ōsus odiendus,
odiundus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
odiendī odiendō odiendum odiendō ōsum ōsū

Noun[edit]

odiō

  1. dative/ablative singular of odium

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Vulgar Latin: *odiāre

References[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • odio”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • odio in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • odio in Ramminger, Johann (accessed 16 July 2016) Neulateinische Wortliste: Ein Wörterbuch des Lateinischen von Petrarca bis 1700[1], pre-publication website, 2005-2016

Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Learned borrowing from Latin odium (hate). Cognate with English odium.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈodjo/, [ˈo.ð̞jo]
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

odio m (plural odios)

  1. hate, hatred, loathing (strong aversion; intense dislike)
    Synonym: hincha
  2. odium (hatred coupled with disgust)

Related terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

odio

  1. first-person singular present indicative of odiar

Further reading[edit]