testis

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English[edit]

Noun[edit]

testis (plural testes)

  1. (anatomy) A testicle of a vertebrate.
  2. (biology) An analogous gland in invertebrates such as the hydra.

Latin[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

For *terstis, from Proto-Italic *tristis, from Proto-Indo-European *tristh₂s ("a third party standing", after the two parties to a contract or dispute), from *tréyes (three) and *steh₂- (to stand). Compare Oscan trstus (witnesses, nominative plural)[1][2][3][4].

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

testis m or f (genitive testis); third declension

  1. witness
  2. one who testifies or attests
Declension[edit]

Third-declension noun (i-stem).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative testis testēs
Genitive testis testium
Dative testī testibus
Accusative testem testēs
testīs
Ablative teste testibus
Vocative testis testēs
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

  • From some particular use of testis (witness), as in "bearing witness to virility" or "two together" (considering also the slang uses in Ancient Greek of παραστάται (parastátai, colleagues, testicles) and, more recently, French témoins),
  • or related to testa (pot, shell).[5]

Noun[edit]

testis m (genitive testis); third declension

  1. testicle
    • c. 254 BCE – 184 BCE, Plautus, Miles Gloriosus 1426:
      Si posthac prehendero ego te hīc, carebis testibus.
      If, after this time, I catch you here again, you will be missing your testicles.
Declension[edit]

Third-declension noun (i-stem).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative testis testēs
Genitive testis testium
Dative testī testibus
Accusative testem testēs
testīs
Ablative teste testibus
Vocative testis testēs
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • English: testis
  • Italian: teste

References[edit]

  • testis in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • testis in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • testis in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • testis in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • an important witness: testis gravis
    • a witness worthy of all credit: testis locuples
    • an impartial witness: testis incorruptus atque integer
    • to cite a person to give evidence on a matter: aliquem testem alicuius rei (in aliquid) citare
    • to use some one's evidence: aliquem testem adhibere
    • to use some one's evidence: aliquo teste uti
    • to produce as a witness: aliquem testem dare, edere, proferre
    • to produce as a witness: aliquem testem producere
    • to appear as witness against a person: testem prodire (in aliquem)
    • to be convicted by some one's evidence: testibus teneri, convictum esse
    • this shows, proves..: testis est, testatur, declarat
  • testis in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • testis in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin
  1. ^ J. Gvozdanović, Indo-European numerals, §12.5.3.1.
  2. ^ Pokorny, Julius (1959) Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume III, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, page 1004
  3. ^ Pokorny, Julius (1959) Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume III, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, page 1090
  4. ^ Skutsch, Franz (1897), “Zur lateinischen Grammatik. 4. Testis ‘zeuge’”, in Beiträge zur Kunde der indogermanischen Sprachen (in German), volume 23, Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, pages 100–104
  5. ^ Douglas Harper (2001–2021), “testis”, in Online Etymology Dictionary.

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin testis.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /têstis/
  • Hyphenation: te‧stis

Noun[edit]

tȅstis m (Cyrillic spelling те̏стис)

  1. (anatomy) testicle

Declension[edit]


Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin testis.

Noun[edit]

testis

  1. testicle

Declension[edit]

Inflection
Nominative testis
Definite accusative testisi
Singular Plural
Nominative testis testisler
Definite accusative testisi testisleri
Dative testise testislere
Locative testiste testislerde
Ablative testisten testislerden
Genitive testisin testislerin
Possessive forms
Nominative
Singular Plural
1st singular testisim testislerim
2nd singular testisin testislerin
3rd singular testisi testisleri
1st plural testisimiz testislerimiz
2nd plural testisiniz testisleriniz
3rd plural testisleri testisleri
Definite accusative
Singular Plural
1st singular testisimi testislerimi
2nd singular testisini testislerini
3rd singular testisini testislerini
1st plural testisimizi testislerimizi
2nd plural testisinizi testislerinizi
3rd plural testislerini testislerini
Dative
Singular Plural
1st singular testisime testislerime
2nd singular testisine testislerine
3rd singular testisine testislerine
1st plural testisimize testislerimize
2nd plural testisinize testislerinize
3rd plural testislerine testislerine
Locative
Singular Plural
1st singular testisimde testislerimde
2nd singular testisinde testislerinde
3rd singular testisinde testislerinde
1st plural testisimizde testislerimizde
2nd plural testisinizde testislerinizde
3rd plural testislerinde testislerinde
Ablative
Singular Plural
1st singular testisimden testislerimden
2nd singular testisinden testislerinden
3rd singular testisinden testislerinden
1st plural testisimizden testislerimizden
2nd plural testisinizden testislerinizden
3rd plural testislerinden testislerinden
Genitive
Singular Plural
1st singular testisimin testislerimin
2nd singular testisinin testislerinin
3rd singular testisinin testislerinin
1st plural testisimizin testislerimizin
2nd plural testisinizin testislerinizin
3rd plural testislerinin testislerinin

Synonyms[edit]

See also[edit]