testis

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English[edit]

Noun[edit]

testis ‎(plural testes)

  1. (anatomy) A testicle of a vertebrate.
  2. (biology) An analogous gland in invertebrates such as the hydra.

Latin[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From older terstis, probably reformed from tristis, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *trityo-sth₂s ("a third party standing", after the two parties to a contract or dispute), from *tréyes ‎(three) and *steh₂- ‎(to stand). Compare Oscan trstus ‎(witnesses, nominative plural)[1].

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

testis m, f ‎(genitive testis); third declension

  1. witness
  2. one who testifies or attests
Inflection[edit]

Third declension, alternative ablative singular in and accusative plural in -īs.

Case Singular Plural
nominative testis testēs
genitive testis testium
dative testī testibus
accusative testem testēs
testīs
ablative teste
testī
testibus
vocative testis testēs
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

  • From some particular use of testis ‎(witness), as in "bearing witness to virility" or "two together" (considering also the slang uses in Ancient Greek of παραστάται ‎(parastátai, colleagues) and, more recently, French témoins),
  • or related to testa ‎(pot, shell).[2]

Noun[edit]

testis m ‎(genitive testis); third declension

  1. testicle
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • testis in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • testis in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • TESTIS in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • testis in Félix Gaffiot (1934), Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette.
  • Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • an important witness: testis gravis
    • a witness worthy of all credit: testis locuples
    • an impartial witness: testis incorruptus atque integer
    • to cite a person to give evidence on a matter: aliquem testem alicuius rei (in aliquid) citare
    • to use some one's evidence: aliquem testem adhibere
    • to use some one's evidence: aliquo teste uti
    • to produce as a witness: aliquem testem dare, edere, proferre
    • to produce as a witness: aliquem testem producere
    • to appear as witness against a person: testem prodire (in aliquem)
    • to be convicted by some one's evidence: testibus teneri, convictum esse
    • this shows, proves..: testis est, testatur, declarat
  • testis in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • testis in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin
  1. ^ J. Gvozdanović, Indo-European numerals, §12.5.3.1.
  2. ^ Etymology Online

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Latin testis.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /têstis/
  • Hyphenation: te‧stis

Noun[edit]

tȅstis m ‎(Cyrillic spelling тȅстис)

  1. (anatomy) testicle

Declension[edit]


Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Latin testis.

Noun[edit]

testis

  1. testicle

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

See also[edit]