testis

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English[edit]

Noun[edit]

testis (plural testes)

  1. (anatomy) A testicle of a vertebrate.
  2. (biology) An analogous gland in invertebrates such as the hydra.

Latin[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

For *terstis < *tristis, from Proto-Indo-European *tristh₂s ("a third party standing", after the two parties to a contract or dispute), from *tréyes (three) and *steh₂- (to stand). Compare Oscan trstus (witnesses, nominative plural)[1][2][3].

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

testis m, f (genitive testis); third declension

  1. witness
  2. one who testifies or attests
Inflection[edit]

Third declension, alternative ablative singular in and accusative plural in -īs.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative testis testēs
Genitive testis testium
Dative testī testibus
Accusative testem testēs
testīs
Ablative teste
testī
testibus
Vocative testis testēs
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

  • From some particular use of testis (witness), as in "bearing witness to virility" or "two together" (considering also the slang uses in Ancient Greek of παραστάται (parastátai, colleagues, testicles) and, more recently, French témoins),
  • or related to testa (pot, shell).[4]

Noun[edit]

testis m (genitive testis); third declension

  1. testicle
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • testis in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • testis in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • testis in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • testis in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • an important witness: testis gravis
    • a witness worthy of all credit: testis locuples
    • an impartial witness: testis incorruptus atque integer
    • to cite a person to give evidence on a matter: aliquem testem alicuius rei (in aliquid) citare
    • to use some one's evidence: aliquem testem adhibere
    • to use some one's evidence: aliquo teste uti
    • to produce as a witness: aliquem testem dare, edere, proferre
    • to produce as a witness: aliquem testem producere
    • to appear as witness against a person: testem prodire (in aliquem)
    • to be convicted by some one's evidence: testibus teneri, convictum esse
    • this shows, proves..: testis est, testatur, declarat
  • testis in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • testis in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin
  1. ^ J. Gvozdanović, Indo-European numerals, §12.5.3.1.
  2. ^ Pokorny, Julius (1959) Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume III, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, page 1004
  3. ^ Pokorny, Julius (1959) Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume III, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, page 1090
  4. ^ Etymology Online

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin testis.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /têstis/
  • Hyphenation: te‧stis

Noun[edit]

tȅstis m (Cyrillic spelling те̏стис)

  1. (anatomy) testicle

Declension[edit]


Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin testis.

Noun[edit]

testis

  1. testicle

Declension[edit]

Inflection
Nominative testis
Definite accusative testisi
Singular Plural
Nominative testis testisler
Definite accusative testisi testisleri
Dative testise testislere
Locative testiste testislerde
Ablative testisten testislerden
Genitive testisin testislerin
Possessive forms
Singular Plural
1st singular testisim testislerim
2nd singular testisin testislerin
3rd singular testisi testisleri
1st plural testisimiz testislerimiz
2nd plural testisiniz testisleriniz
3rd plural testisleri testisleri

Synonyms[edit]

See also[edit]