貧賤

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See also: 贫贱

Chinese[edit]

poor inexpensive; lowly
trad. (貧賤)
simp. (贫贱)

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (3) (15)
Final () (44) (77)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () Chongniu III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/bˠiɪn/ /d͡ziᴇnH/
Pan
Wuyun
/bᵚin/ /d͡ziɛnH/
Shao
Rongfen
/bien/ /d͡zjænH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/bjin/ /d͡zianH/
Li
Rong
/bjĕn/ /d͡ziɛnH/
Wang
Li
/bǐĕn/ /d͡zĭɛnH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/bʱi̯ĕn/ /d͡zʱi̯ɛnH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
pín jiàn
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
pan4 zin6
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
pín jiàn
Middle
Chinese
‹ bin › ‹ dzjenH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[b]rə[n]/ /*[dz][a][n]-s/
English poor cheap; low, mean

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 3140 6008
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*brɯn/ /*zlens/

Adjective[edit]

貧賤

  1. (literary) poor and lowly
    Antonym: 富貴富贵 (fùguì)

Noun[edit]

貧賤

  1. (literary) poverty and lowliness; destitution and degradation (the condition of inferiority in both possession and social status)

Derived terms[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
ひん
Grade: 5
せん
Hyōgaiji
on’yomi

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese compound 貧賤 (MC bˠiɪn d͡ziᴇnH). Compare modern Mandarin 貧賤贫贱 (pínjiàn, “poor and lowly”).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

(ひん)(せん) (hinsen-na (adnominal (ひん)(せん) (hinsen na), adverbial (ひん)(せん) (hinsen ni))

  1. poor, lowly, inferior

Inflection[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Noun[edit]

(ひん)(せん) (hinsen

  1. poverty and inferiority

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN