音読

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Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
おん
Grade: 1
どく
Grade: 2
on’yomi
Alternative spelling
音讀 (kyūjitai)

Probably coined in Japan of elements borrowed from Middle Chinese, as a compound of (on, sound) +‎ (doku, reading).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(おん)(どく) (ondoku (kyūjitai 音讀)

  1. reading aloud
  2. the reading of a Japanese word written in kanji that is roughly based on the pronunciation of the kanji characters in the originating Chinese dialect at the time the word was introduced into Japanese
Antonyms[edit]

Verb[edit]

(おん)(どく)する (ondoku surutransitive suru (stem (おん)(どく) (ondoku shi), past (おん)(どく)した (ondoku shita), kyūjitai 音讀)

  1. to read aloud
  2. to read a Japanese word written in kanji using the pronunciation based on the original Chinese pronunciation
Conjugation[edit]
Antonyms[edit]
  • (read aloud): 黙読 (もくどく, ​mokudoku)

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
おん
Grade: 1
よ(み)
Grade: 2
jūbakoyomi
Alternative spelling
音讀 (kyūjitai)

Compound of (on, sound) +‎ 読み (yomi, reading). Originally referred to the sounds (i.e. pronunciations) to use when reading Chinese text, as opposed to the meanings of these Chinese words in Japanese (called 訓読み (kun'yomi) or 訓読 (kundoku)).

Rare alternate for 音読み, leaving the okurigana implied.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(おん)(よみ) (on'yomi (kyūjitai 音讀)

  1. Alternative spelling of 音読み: the reading of a Japanese word written in kanji that is roughly based on the pronunciation of the kanji characters in the originating Chinese dialect at the time the word was introduced into Japanese

Verb[edit]

(おん)(よみ)する (on'yomi surusuru (stem (おん)(よみ) (on'yomi shi), past (おん)(よみ)した (on'yomi shita), kyūjitai 音讀)

  1. Alternative spelling of 音読み: to read a Japanese word written in kanji with the pronunciation that is roughly based on the pronunciation of the kanji characters in the originating Chinese dialect at the time the word was introduced into Japanese
Conjugation[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN