plume

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See also: plumé and plūme

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Late Middle English, via Old French plume from Latin pluma (down, feather). Doublet of pluma.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

plume (plural plumes)

A soldier wearing a helmet with a plume. [3]
  1. A feather of a bird, especially a large or showy one.
    • 1667, John Milton, Paradise Lost
      wings [] of many a coloured plume
    • 1764, Horace Walpole, The Castle of Otranto, I:
      The first thing that struck Manfred's eyes was a group of his servants endeavouring to raise something that appeared to him a mountain of sable plumes.
  2. The furry tail of certain dog breeds (e.g. Samoyed, Malteagle) that stands erect or curls over their backs.
  3. A cluster of feathers worn as an ornament, especially on a helmet.
  4. A token of honour or prowess; that on which one prides oneself; a prize or reward.
    • 1667, John Milton, Paradise Lost
      ambitious to win from me some plume
  5. An area over which (or a space into which) a dispersed substance has spread or fanned out; a cloud.
    The pollutant creates a contaminant plume within an aquifer.
    After the explosion, a plume of smoke could be seen in the sky for miles around.
  6. An upward spray of water or mist.
  7. (geology) An upwelling of molten material from the Earth's mantle.
  8. (astronomy) An arc of glowing material erupting from the surface of a star.
  9. A large and flexible panicle of inflorescence resembling a feather, such as is seen in certain large ornamental grasses.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

plume (third-person singular simple present plumes, present participle pluming, simple past and past participle plumed)

  1. (transitive) To preen and arrange the feathers of.
    • (Can we date this quote by Washington Irving and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      pluming her wings among the breezy bowers
  2. (transitive) To congratulate (oneself) proudly.
    He plumes himself on his skill.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of South to this entry?)
  3. To strip of feathers; to pluck; to strip; to pillage; also, to peel.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Francis Bacon to this entry?)
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Dryden to this entry?)
  4. To adorn with feathers or plumes.
  5. To form a plume.
    Smoke plumed from his pipe then slowly settled towards the floor.
  6. To write; to pen.

Translations[edit]


French[edit]

plume (1)
plumes (3)

Etymology[edit]

From Old French plume, from Latin plūma.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

plume f (plural plumes)

  1. feather
  2. quill
  3. nib, the writing end of a fountain pen or a dip pen
  4. (dated) writer, penman

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • English: plume
  • Rade: plim

Verb[edit]

plume

  1. inflection of plumer:
    1. first/third-person singular present indicative
    2. first/third-person singular present subjunctive
    3. second-person singular imperative

Further reading[edit]


Friulian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin plūma.

Noun[edit]

plume f (plural plumis)

  1. plume, feather
    Synonym: pene

Old English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-West Germanic *plūmā, from Latin prūnum.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

plūme f

  1. plum

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]


Old French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin plūma.

Noun[edit]

plume f (oblique plural plumes, nominative singular plume, nominative plural plumes)

  1. feather; plume

Descendants[edit]