pluma

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Latin plūma

Noun[edit]

pluma ‎(plural plumae)

  1. (zoology) A feather.

Part or all of this entry has been imported from the 1913 edition of Webster’s Dictionary, which is now free of copyright and hence in the public domain. The imported definitions may be significantly out of date, and any more recent senses may be completely missing.


Asturian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Probably a semi-learned term taken from Latin plūma(feather). Cf. Spanish pluma, however.

Noun[edit]

pluma f ‎(plural plumes)

  1. feather (element of bird wings)

French[edit]

Verb[edit]

pluma

  1. third-person singular past historic of plumer

Interlingua[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin plūma

Noun[edit]

pluma

  1. pen

Irish[edit]

dhá phluma

Etymology[edit]

From Old English plūme, from Proto-Germanic *prūmōn.

Noun[edit]

pluma m ‎(genitive singular pluma, nominative plural plumaí)

  1. plum

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
pluma phluma bpluma
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

External links[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Uncertain, see Proto-Indo-European *plew-

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

plūma f ‎(genitive plūmae); first declension

  1. feather, plume
  2. (by extension) metal scale of armor
  3. beard-down

Inflection[edit]

First declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative plūma plūmae
genitive plūmae plūmārum
dative plūmae plūmīs
accusative plūmam plūmās
ablative plūmā plūmīs
vocative plūma plūmae

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]


Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Latin plūma(feather) (Latin pl- normally becomes ch- in inherited Portuguese); cf. the semi-learned Old Portuguese pruma. See also chumaço, which was popularly inherited and underwent the usual sound changes.

Noun[edit]

pluma f (plural plumas)

  1. plume (large and showy feather)
  2. (geology) upwelling of molten material from the Earth's mantle (mantle plume)

Related terms[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin plūma(feather), taken as an early semi-learned term (Latin pl- normally becomes ll- in inherited Spanish), or it may have maintained a conservative pronunciation as it would have been in use by mainly the upper class. A popular evolution of the word may have once existed in pre-literary Spanish, as evidenced by the Old Spanish derivative llumazo (compare Portuguese chumaço; cf. also Spanish chumacera, borrowed from a related Portuguese term). [1] Cognate to English plume.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pluma f ‎(plural plumas)

  1. feather
  2. pen (for writing)
  3. quill
  4. (figuratively) writer, penman

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ https://www.scribd.com/document/158436269/Diccionario-Critico-Etimologico-castellano-MI-RI-Corominas-Joan-pdf