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U+C2E4, 실
HANGUL SYLLABLE SIL
Composition: + +
Dubeolsik input:t-l-f

[U+C2E3]
Hangul Syllables
[U+C2E5]




싀 ←→ 싸

Jeju[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with Korean (sil).

Pronunciation[edit]

IPA(key): /ʃiɭ/

Noun[edit]

(sil)

  1. thread

References[edit]

  • ” in Jeju's culture and language, Digital museum.

Korean[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

First attested in the Hunmin jeongeum haerye (訓民正音解例 / 훈민정음해례), 1446, as Middle Korean 실〯 (Yale: sǐl), from disyllabic Old Korean 糸利 (*SIli) attested as an element in a sixth-century personal name.[1]

Possibly an ancient pre-Sino-Korean borrowing from Old Chinese (OC *slɯ, “silk”).[2] If so, related to Ancient Greek Σήρ (Sḗr, China), English silk.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [ɕʰi(ː)ɭ]
  • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
    • Though still prescriptive in Standard Korean, most speakers in both Koreas no longer distinguish vowel length.
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?sil
Revised Romanization (translit.)?sil
McCune–Reischauer?sil
Yale Romanization?sīl
  • South Gyeongsang (Busan) pitch accent: / 실 / 실까지

    Syllables in red take high pitch. This word always takes low pitch, and heightens the pitch of two subsequent suffixed syllables.

Noun[edit]

(sil)

  1. thread, string
  2. (figuratively) a narrow thing, a thin object
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Sino-Korean word from .

Pronunciation[edit]

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?sil
Revised Romanization (translit.)?sil
McCune–Reischauer?sil
Yale Romanization?sil

Noun[edit]

(sil) (hanja )

  1. loss
    Antonym: 득(得) (deuk, gain)
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Korean reading of various Chinese characters.

Syllable[edit]

(sil)

Extended content
  1. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɕiɪt̚))
  2. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɕiɪt̚))
  3. :
    (MC reading: (MC ʑiɪt̚))

References[edit]

  1. ^ 이승재 (2017) ()()에 기록된 ()()()()() [The Old Korean Language Inscribed on Wooden Tablets], Ilchogak, →ISBN, page 306
  2. ^ Edwin G. Pulleyblank (2011) Middle Chinese: A Study in Historical Phonology, University of British Columbia Press, →ISBN, page 26

Further reading[edit]

  • Martin, Samuel E.; Yang Ha Lee; Sung-Un Chang (1975) A Korean-English Dictionary, New Haven: Yale University Press, page 1055.

Middle Korean[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Korean 糸利 (*SIli).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

실〯 (sǐl)

  1. thread, string

Descendants[edit]

  • Korean: (sil)