خوابیدن

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Persian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

خواب(xâb, sleep) +‎ ⁧ـیدن(-idan, verb-deriving suffix).

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Readings
Classical reading? xwāḇīḏan
Dari reading? xābīdan
Iranian reading? xâbidan
Tajik reading? xobidan
  • (file)

Verb[edit]

Dari خوابیدن
Iranian Persian
Tajik хобидан

خوابیدن (xâbidan) (present stemخواب(xâb))

  1. to sleep; to fall asleep
    Synonyms:خواب بردن(xâb bordan), (archaic)خفتن(xoftan)
    مادرم دارد می‌خوابد.
    mâdar-am dârad mi-xâbad.
    My mother is falling asleep.
  2. to lie down
    Synonym:دراز کشیدن(derâz kešidan)
    خوابید ولی خوابش نبرد.
    xâbid vali xâb-eš na-bord.
    He lay down but could not sleep.
  3. to stop; to break; to malfunction
    Synonym:خراب شدن(xarâb šodan)
    شاید این ساعت خوابیده باشد.
    šâyad in sâ'at xâbide bâšad.
    This clock might be broken.
  4. to settle; to die down
    باد خوابیده است.
    bâd xâbide ast.
    The swelling has subsided.

Usage notes[edit]

  • While ⁧خوابیدن⁩ is seen as more formal, Speakers from Afghanistan more frequently use the derived compound verb ⁧خواب کردن(xāb kardan). Or colloquially, ⁧خو کدن(xaw kadan).

Conjugation[edit]

Related terms[edit]