sloth

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See also: slóð

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
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A sloth (2)

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English slouthe, slewthe (laziness), from Old English slǣwþ (sloth, indolence, laziness, inertness, torpor), from Proto-Germanic *slaiwiþō (slowness, lateness), equivalent to slow +‎ -th. Cognate with Scots sleuth (sloth, slowness).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sloth (countable and uncountable, plural sloths)

  1. (uncountable) Laziness; slowness in the mindset; disinclination to action or labour.
    • Milton
      [They] change their course to pleasure, ease, and sloth.
    • Franklin
      Sloth, like rust, consumes faster than labour wears.
  2. (countable) A herbivorous, arboreal South American mammal of the families Megalonychidae and Bradypodidae, noted for its slowness and inactivity.
  3. (rare) A collective term for a group of bears.

Usage notes[edit]

Sloth is one of the seven deadly sins.

Hyponyms[edit]

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Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

sloth (third-person singular simple present sloths, present participle slothing, simple past and past participle slothed)

  1. (obsolete, intransitive, transitive) To be idle; to idle (away time).
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Gower to this entry?)
    • 1676, John Bunyan, The Strait Gate, or, Great Difficulty of Going to Heaven, London: Francis Smith, p. 69,[1]
      [] the most of professors are for imbezzeling, mispending and slothing away their time, their talents, their opportunities to do good in []
    • 1677, Hannah Woolley, The Compleat Servant-Maid, London: T. Passinger, p. 2,[2]
      That you endeavour carefully to please your Lady, Master or Mistress, be faithful, diligent and submissive to them, encline not to sloth or laze in bed, but rise early in a morning.

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