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See also: Sileo



From Proto-Indo-European *seyl- (still, windless, quiet, slow). Cognate with Proto-Germanic *siljaną. Related to Old English sālnes (silence), Old Norse sil (slow flowing water).



sileō (present infinitive silēre, perfect active siluī); second conjugation, no passive

  1. I am silent, noiseless, quiet, make no sound; speak not, I am quiet.
  2. (transitive) I keep silent over or about.
  3. I am inactive; rest, cease.


  • This verb has only limited passive conjugation; only third-person passive forms are attested in surviving sources.
   Conjugation of sileo (second conjugation, active only)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present sileō silēs silet silēmus silētis silent
imperfect silēbam silēbās silēbat silēbāmus silēbātis silēbant
future silēbō silēbis silēbit silēbimus silēbitis silēbunt
perfect siluī siluistī siluit siluimus siluistis siluērunt, siluēre
pluperfect silueram siluerās siluerat siluerāmus siluerātis siluerant
future perfect siluerō silueris siluerit siluerimus silueritis siluerint
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present sileam sileās sileat sileāmus sileātis sileant
imperfect silērem silērēs silēret silērēmus silērētis silērent
perfect siluerim siluerīs siluerit siluerīmus siluerītis siluerint
pluperfect siluissem siluissēs siluisset siluissēmus siluissētis siluissent
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present silē silēte
future silētō silētō silētōte silentō
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives silēre siluisse
participles silēns
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
silēre silendī silendō silendum


Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


  • sileo in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • sileo in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • sileo in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette