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re- +‎ sedeō (sit, be situated).



resideō (present infinitive residēre, perfect active resēdī, supine resessum); second conjugation

  1. I reside, abide, tarry, linger.
    Synonyms: habitō, obsideō, cōnsīdō, possideō, subsīdō, stabulō, iaceō, incolō, colō, vīvō, versō
  2. I remain sitting.
    • 29 BCE – 19 BCE, Virgil, Aeneid 1.505-506:
      Tum foribus dīvae, mediā testūdine templī,
      saepta armīs, soliōque altē subnīxa resēdit.
      Then, [facing the] doorway of the goddess [Juno], [there] in the middle beneath the vault of the temple, surrounded by armed guards, and supported by the lofty throne, [Dido] remained seated.
  3. I sit up.
  4. (figurative) I am idle, inactive.
    Synonyms: dēsideō, vacō, langueō, cessō, iaceō, sileō, conquiēscō
  5. I remain behind, am left behind.

Usage notes[edit]

Intransitive with very few exceptions, e.g. Cicero, De Legibus, 2.22.55: “denicales, quae a nece appellatae sunt, quia residentur mortuis” (“the denicales [days of purification], which are named from nex [death], because they are spent in idleness [‘idled’] for the dead”).


   Conjugation of resideō (second conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present resideō residēs residet residēmus residētis resident
imperfect residēbam residēbās residēbat residēbāmus residēbātis residēbant
future residēbō residēbis residēbit residēbimus residēbitis residēbunt
perfect resēdī resēdistī resēdit resēdimus resēdistis resēdērunt,
pluperfect resēderam resēderās resēderat resēderāmus resēderātis resēderant
future perfect resēderō resēderis resēderit resēderimus resēderitis resēderint
passive present resideor residēris,
residētur residēmur residēminī residentur
imperfect residēbar residēbāris,
residēbātur residēbāmur residēbāminī residēbantur
future residēbor residēberis,
residēbitur residēbimur residēbiminī residēbuntur
perfect resessus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect resessus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect resessus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present resideam resideās resideat resideāmus resideātis resideant
imperfect residērem residērēs residēret residērēmus residērētis residērent
perfect resēderim resēderīs resēderit resēderīmus resēderītis resēderint
pluperfect resēdissem resēdissēs resēdisset resēdissēmus resēdissētis resēdissent
passive present residear resideāris,
resideātur resideāmur resideāminī resideantur
imperfect residērer residērēris,
residērētur residērēmur residērēminī residērentur
perfect resessus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect resessus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present residē residēte
future residētō residētō residētōte residentō
passive present residēre residēminī
future residētor residētor residentor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives residēre resēdisse resessūrum esse residērī resessum esse resessum īrī
participles residēns resessūrus resessus residendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
residendī residendō residendum residendō resessum resessū

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


See also[edit]


  • resideo”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • resideo”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • resideo in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette