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See also: încolo


Terrae quas celtae incolebant (800 - 400 a.C.n.) W
Lands where the Celts dwelled (800 - 400 BC).


From Proto-Italic *enkʷelō. Equivalent to in- (in, at, on) +‎ colō (cultivate).



incolō (present infinitive incolere, perfect active incoluī); third conjugation, no supine stem

  1. I cultivate.
    Synonyms: colō, subigō
  2. (by extension) I dwell or abide in a place, inhabit, reside.
    Synonyms: habitō, obsideō, resideō, possideō, cōnsīdō, iaceō, subsīdō, stabulō, colō, vīvō, versor


   Conjugation of incolō (third conjugation, no supine stem)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present incolō incolis incolit incolimus incolitis incolunt
imperfect incolēbam incolēbās incolēbat incolēbāmus incolēbātis incolēbant
future incolam incolēs incolet incolēmus incolētis incolent
perfect incoluī incoluistī incoluit incoluimus incoluistis incoluērunt,
pluperfect incolueram incoluerās incoluerat incoluerāmus incoluerātis incoluerant
future perfect incoluerō incolueris incoluerit incoluerimus incolueritis incoluerint
passive present incolor incoleris,
incolitur incolimur incoliminī incoluntur
imperfect incolēbar incolēbāris,
incolēbātur incolēbāmur incolēbāminī incolēbantur
future incolar incolēris,
incolētur incolēmur incolēminī incolentur
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present incolam incolās incolat incolāmus incolātis incolant
imperfect incolerem incolerēs incoleret incolerēmus incolerētis incolerent
perfect incoluerim incoluerīs incoluerit incoluerīmus incoluerītis incoluerint
pluperfect incoluissem incoluissēs incoluisset incoluissēmus incoluissētis incoluissent
passive present incolar incolāris,
incolātur incolāmur incolāminī incolantur
imperfect incolerer incolerēris,
incolerētur incolerēmur incolerēminī incolerentur
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present incole incolite
future incolitō incolitō incolitōte incoluntō
passive present incolere incoliminī
future incolitor incolitor incoluntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives incolere incoluisse incolī
participles incolēns incolendus,
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
incolendī incolendō incolendum incolendō

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


  • incolo”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • incolo”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • incolo in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette