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From sub- +‎ sīdō.



subsīdō (present infinitive subsīdere, perfect active subsēdī, supine subsessum); third conjugation

  1. to crouch, squat, sit down, set down, sink
    • 8 CE, Ovid, Fasti 2.457:
      iam levis oblīqua subsēdit Aquārius urna
      Aquarius crouches down, now lightened [of his burden], his water-jar tilted [emptied].
      Now unburdened, his water-jar emptied, Aquarius sets.

      (A skillful poet's word-play: Ovid's use of subsēdit can be understood as the mythological figure’s crouching stance as he pours out his water-jar, or the setting of the constellation beneath the horizon. See Aquarius (constellation).)
  2. to settle, subside
    Synonyms: habitō, obsideō, possideō, resideō, iaceō, cōnsīdō, colō, incolō, stabulō, vīvō, versō
  3. to crouch down on the watch, lie in wait, lie in ambush
  4. to run aground


   Conjugation of subsīdō (third conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present subsīdō subsīdis subsīdit subsīdimus subsīditis subsīdunt
imperfect subsīdēbam subsīdēbās subsīdēbat subsīdēbāmus subsīdēbātis subsīdēbant
future subsīdam subsīdēs subsīdet subsīdēmus subsīdētis subsīdent
perfect subsēdī subsēdistī subsēdit subsēdimus subsēdistis subsēdērunt,
pluperfect subsēderam subsēderās subsēderat subsēderāmus subsēderātis subsēderant
future perfect subsēderō subsēderis subsēderit subsēderimus subsēderitis subsēderint
passive present subsīdor subsīderis,
subsīditur subsīdimur subsīdiminī subsīduntur
imperfect subsīdēbar subsīdēbāris,
subsīdēbātur subsīdēbāmur subsīdēbāminī subsīdēbantur
future subsīdar subsīdēris,
subsīdētur subsīdēmur subsīdēminī subsīdentur
perfect subsessus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect subsessus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect subsessus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present subsīdam subsīdās subsīdat subsīdāmus subsīdātis subsīdant
imperfect subsīderem subsīderēs subsīderet subsīderēmus subsīderētis subsīderent
perfect subsēderim subsēderīs subsēderit subsēderīmus subsēderītis subsēderint
pluperfect subsēdissem subsēdissēs subsēdisset subsēdissēmus subsēdissētis subsēdissent
passive present subsīdar subsīdāris,
subsīdātur subsīdāmur subsīdāminī subsīdantur
imperfect subsīderer subsīderēris,
subsīderētur subsīderēmur subsīderēminī subsīderentur
perfect subsessus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect subsessus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present subsīde subsīdite
future subsīditō subsīditō subsīditōte subsīduntō
passive present subsīdere subsīdiminī
future subsīditor subsīditor subsīduntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives subsīdere subsēdisse subsessūrum esse subsīdī subsessum esse subsessum īrī
participles subsīdēns subsessūrus subsessus subsīdendus,
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
subsīdendī subsīdendō subsīdendum subsīdendō subsessum subsessū

Derived terms[edit]


  • Catalan: ensulsiar
  • English: subside


  • subsido”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • subsido”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • subsido in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette.
  • Carl Meißner, Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to place oneself in ambush: subsidere in insidiis (Mil. 19. 49)