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From prae- +‎ sedeō (sit).



praesideō (present infinitive praesidēre, perfect active praesēdī, supine praesessum); second conjugation, no passive

  1. to sit before or in front of
  2. to sit beforehand
  3. to guard, watch, protect, defend
  4. to preside over, have the care or management of, direct, command, control, govern, superintend


  • This verb has only limited passive conjugation; only third-person passive forms are attested in surviving sources.
   Conjugation of praesideō (second conjugation, active only)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present praesideō praesidēs praesidet praesidēmus praesidētis praesident
imperfect praesidēbam praesidēbās praesidēbat praesidēbāmus praesidēbātis praesidēbant
future praesidēbō praesidēbis praesidēbit praesidēbimus praesidēbitis praesidēbunt
perfect praesēdī praesēdistī praesēdit praesēdimus praesēdistis praesēdērunt,
pluperfect praesēderam praesēderās praesēderat praesēderāmus praesēderātis praesēderant
future perfect praesēderō praesēderis praesēderit praesēderimus praesēderitis praesēderint
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present praesideam praesideās praesideat praesideāmus praesideātis praesideant
imperfect praesidērem praesidērēs praesidēret praesidērēmus praesidērētis praesidērent
perfect praesēderim praesēderīs praesēderit praesēderīmus praesēderītis praesēderint
pluperfect praesēdissem praesēdissēs praesēdisset praesēdissēmus praesēdissētis praesēdissent
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present praesidē praesidēte
future praesidētō praesidētō praesidētōte praesidentō
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives praesidēre praesēdisse praesessūrum esse
participles praesidēns praesessūrus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
praesidendī praesidendō praesidendum praesidendō praesessum praesessū

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]



  • praesideo”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • praesideo”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • praesideo in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette.