prior knowledge

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prior knowledge (uncountable)

  1. the knowledge that stems from previous experience.
    I had no prior knowledge of linguistics, but that didn't stop me from writing a dictionary.
  2. (law) knowledge of a set of circumstances sufficient to make actions based on those circumstances wrongful
    The defendant was convicted because the prosecutor proved the defendant's prior knowledge of the victim's particular vulnerability.
  3. Existing knowledge before one begins learning a subject, language, etc.