hitherto

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English hiderto, corresponding to hither +‎ to.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈhɪðəˌtuː/, /ˌhɪðəˈtuː/, [ˈhɪðəˌtʰuː], [ˌhɪðəˈtʰuː]
  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈhɪðɚˌtu/, /ˌhɪðɚˈtu/, [ˈhɪðɚˌtʰu], [ˌhɪðɚˈtʰu]
  • (file)

Adverb[edit]

hitherto (not comparable)

  1. (formal, also law) Up to this or that time or point.
    • 1830, Anna Maria Porter, The Barony, volume 3, page 460:
      The exhaustless conjecturings of that evening's full conversation, made such of the small party, as had hitherto been strangers, well acquainted with each other's turn of mind []
    • 2014, James Lambert, “Diachronic stability in Indian English lexis”, in World Englishes, page 124:
      The results of this study argue for a greater endonormativity in Indian English than has hitherto been recognised.
    • 2021 October 20, Paul Stephen, “Leisure and pleasure on the Far North Line”, in RAIL, number 942, page 49:
      North of Tain [...], the line reaches the southern shore of Dornoch Firth. Here, the railway and the A9 trunk road, which have hitherto run close together, diverge.
    Synonyms: up to now, heretofore; see also Thesaurus:hitherto
    Antonyms: from now on, henceforth; see also Thesaurus:henceforth

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

References[edit]