paṭhama

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Pali[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Sanskrit प्रथम (prathama). The retroflexion is caused by assimilation to the r before it was dropped.

Numeral[edit]

paṭhama

  1. first

Adjective[edit]

paṭhama

  1. primary, first
  2. foremost
  3. (grammar) When qualifying purisa (person), it translates as “third”.
    • c. 500 AD, Kaccāyana, Pālivyākaraṇaṃ [Pali Grammar]‎[1] (in Pali), page 252; republished as Satish Chandra Acharyya Vidyabhusana, editor, Kaccayana's Pali Grammar (edited in Devanagari character and translated into English), Calcutta, Bengal: Mahabodhi Society, 1901:
      नामम्हि पयुज्जमानेपि अप्पयुज्ज्मानेपि तुल्याधिकरणे पठमो पुरिसो होति।
      Nāmamhi payujjamānepi appayujjamānepi tulyādhikaraṇe paṭhamo puriso hoti.
      The third person is used when in agreement with a noun be it expressed or unexpressed.

Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Burmese: ပထမ (pa.hta.ma.)
  • Mon: ပထမ (paˀtəmaˀ, paˀthaˀmaˀ)
  • Khmer: បឋម (bâthâm)
  • Thai: ปฐม (bpà-tǒm)

References[edit]

  • paṭhama”, in Pali Text Society, editor, Pali-English Dictionary‎, London: Chipstead, 1921-1925.
  • Warder A.K. (2001), Introduction to Pali, Oxford: The Pali Text Society.