पुरुष

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: परुष

Hindi[edit]

Hindi Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia hi

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit पुरुष (púruṣa).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Delhi Hindi) IPA(key): /pʊ.ɾʊʂ/, [pʊ.ɾʊʃ]

Noun[edit]

पुरुष (puruṣm (Urdu spelling پرش‎)

  1. man, male
    यह स्नानघर केवल पुरुषों के लिए है।
    yah snānghar keval puruṣõ ke lie hai.
    This bathroom is for men only.
    पुरुष की तरह लड़ो!puruṣ kī tarah laṛo!Fight like a man!
  2. person
    अनेक पुरुष भवन के बाहर हैं।
    anek puruṣ bhavan ke bāhar ha͠i.
    Many persons are outside the building.

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Also see Thesaurus:मनुष्य.

Antonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]


Marathi[edit]

Marathi Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia mr

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit पुरुष (púruṣa). Compare Old Marathi 𑘢𑘳𑘨𑘳𑘏 (purukha), 𑘢𑘳𑘨𑘳𑘬 (puruṣa).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /pu.ɾuʂ/, [pu.ɾuːʂ]

Noun[edit]

पुरुष (puruṣm

  1. man, male
  2. person

References[edit]

  • Berntsen, Maxine, “पुरुष”, in A Basic Marathi-English Dictionary, New Delhi: American Institute of Indian Studies, 1982-1983.
  • Molesworth, James Thomas (1857), “पुरुष”, in A dictionary, Marathi and English, Bombay: Printed for government at the Bombay Education Society's Press
  • Date, Yasavanta Ramakrshna (1932-1950), “पुरुष”, in Maharashtra Sabdakosa (in Marathi), Pune: Maharashtra Kosamandala.

Sanskrit[edit]

Sanskrit Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia sa

Alternative forms[edit]

Alternative scripts[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Aryan *pŕ̥Hṣas (man), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *perh₃- (to produce, beget). Cognate with Pali purisa, Ashokan Prakrit 𑀧𑀼𑀮𑀺𑀲 (pulisa, man), Magadhi Prakrit 𑀧𑀼𑀮𑀺𑀰 (puliśa). Further related to Latin pariō (to spawn, to beget).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

पुरुष (púruṣam

  1. man, male, human being
    • c. 1700 BCE – 1200 BCE, Ṛgveda 10.165.3:
      हेतिः पक्षिणी न दभात्यस्मानाष्ट्र्यां पदं कृणुते अग्निधाने ।
      शं नो गोभ्यश्च पुरुषेभ्यश्चास्तु मा नो हिंसीदिह देवाः कपोतः ॥
      hetiḥ pakṣiṇī na dabhātyasmānāṣṭryāṃ padaṃ kṛṇute agnidhāne .
      śaṃ no gobhyaśca puruṣebhyaścāstu mā no hiṃsīdiha devāḥ kapotaḥ .
      Let not the winged Arrow distract us: beside the fire-place, on the hearth it settles.
      May, it bring welfare to our men and cattle: here let the Dove, ye Gods, forbear to harm us.
  2. person, officer, functionary, attendant, servant
  3. a member or representative of a race or generation
  4. the height or measure of a man
  5. the pupil of the eye
  6. the primaeval man as the soul and original source of the universe
  7. the personal and animating principle in men and other beings, the soul or spirit
  8. the Supreme Being or Soul of the universe
  9. the Spirit as passive and a spectator of the creative force (prakṛti)
  10. the "spirit" or fragrant exhalation of plants
  11. name of the divine or active principles from the minute portions of which the universe was formed
  12. name of a metrical foot in the mahanamni verses
  13. name of the 1st, 3rd, 5th, 7th, 9th and 11th signs of the zodiac
  14. name of the Brahmans of the Krauncha or "mountain" dvipa

Declension[edit]

Masculine a-stem declension of पुरुष (púruṣa)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative पुरुषः
púruṣaḥ
पुरुषौ
púruṣau
पुरुषाः / पुरुषासः¹
púruṣāḥ / púruṣāsaḥ¹
Vocative पुरुष
púruṣa
पुरुषौ
púruṣau
पुरुषाः / पुरुषासः¹
púruṣāḥ / púruṣāsaḥ¹
Accusative पुरुषम्
púruṣam
पुरुषौ
púruṣau
पुरुषान्
púruṣān
Instrumental पुरुषेण
púruṣeṇa
पुरुषाभ्याम्
púruṣābhyām
पुरुषैः / पुरुषेभिः¹
púruṣaiḥ / púruṣebhiḥ¹
Dative पुरुषाय
púruṣāya
पुरुषाभ्याम्
púruṣābhyām
पुरुषेभ्यः
púruṣebhyaḥ
Ablative पुरुषात्
púruṣāt
पुरुषाभ्याम्
púruṣābhyām
पुरुषेभ्यः
púruṣebhyaḥ
Genitive पुरुषस्य
púruṣasya
पुरुषयोः
púruṣayoḥ
पुरुषाणाम्
púruṣāṇām
Locative पुरुषे
púruṣe
पुरुषयोः
púruṣayoḥ
पुरुषेषु
púruṣeṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mayrhofer, Manfred (1996), “púruṣa”, in Etymologisches Wörterbuch des Altindoarischen [Etymological Dictionary of Old Indo-Aryan] (in German), volume II, Heidelberg: Carl Winter Universitätsverlag, page 150

Further reading[edit]

  • पु॑रुष” in Carl Cappeller, A Sanskrit–English Dictionary: Based upon the St. Petersburg Lexicons, Strasbourg: Karl J. Trübner, 1891, →OCLC, page 321, column 1.