- 1 English
- 2 French
- 3 Norwegian Bokmål
- 4 Norwegian Nynorsk
From French prototype or Late Latin prototypon, from Ancient Greek πρωτότυπος (prōtótupos, “original; prototype”), from πρωτο- (prōto-, “prefix meaning ‘first’”) (from πρῶτος (prôtos, “first; earliest”)) + τῠ́πος (túpos, “blow, pressing; sort, type”) (from τύπτω (túptō, “to beat, strike”), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)tewp- (“to push; to stick”)). The word is analysable as proto- + -type.
- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈpɹəʊtətʌɪp/
- (General American) IPA(key): /ˈpɹoʊtəˌtaɪp/, /-ɾə-/
Audio (GA) (file)
- Hyphenation: pro‧to‧type
prototype (plural prototypes)
- An original form or object which is a basis for other forms or objects (particularly manufactured items), or for its generalizations and models. [from late 16th c.]
- 1658, Thomas Browne, “The Garden of Cyrus. […]. Chapter I.”, in Hydriotaphia, Urne-buriall, […] Together with The Garden of Cyrus, […], London: Printed for Hen[ry] Brome […], OCLC 48702491; reprinted as Hydriotaphia (The English Replicas), New York, N.Y.: Payson & Clarke Ltd., 1927, OCLC 78413388, pages 102–103:
- And if Jordan were but Jaar Eden, that is, the Riuer of Eden, Geneſar but Ganſar or the Prince of Gardens; and it could be made out, that the Plain of Jordan were watered not comparatively, but cauſally, and becauſe it was the Paradiſe of God, as the Learned Abramas hinteth, he was not far from the Prototype and originall of Plantations.
- An early sample or model built to test a concept or process.
- The prototype had loose wires and rough edges, but it worked.
- (computing) A declaration of a function that specifies the name, return type, and parameters, but none of the body or actual code.
- (semantics) An instance of a category or a concept that combines its most representative attributes.
- A robin is a prototype of a bird; a penguin is not.
- (basis for other forms or objects): see Thesaurus:exemplar
- ^ James A. H. Murray [et al.], editor (1884–1928), “Prototype”, in A New English Dictionary on Historical Principles (Oxford English Dictionary), volume VII (O–P), London: Clarendon Press, OCLC 15566697, page 1512, column 2.
- ^ “prototype” (US) / “prototype” (UK) in Oxford Dictionaries, Oxford University Press.
prototype m (plural prototypes)
- “prototype” in le Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).
- “prototype” in The Bokmål Dictionary.
- “prototype” in The Nynorsk Dictionary.