πρῶτος

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Ancient Greek ordinal numbers
 <  – αʹ βʹ  > 
    Cardinal : εἷς ‎(heîs)
    Ordinal : πρῶτος ‎(prôtos)
    Adverbial : ἅπαξ ‎(hápax)

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Traditionally held to be the superlative of πρό ‎(pró, before) (compare πρότερος ‎(próteros)), but it is unclear how such a contraction would come about. Could also be from a Proto-Indo-European *pr̥H-, with cognates including Lithuanian pirmas, Sanskrit पूर्व ‎(pūrva), and Avestan 𐬞𐬀𐬎𐬭𐬬𐬀 ‎(paurva). In both cases, the ω and α forms are difficult to reconcile.

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Adjective[edit]

πρῶτος ‎(prôtosm, πρώτη f, πρῶτον n; first/second declension

  1. (ordinal) first
  2. earliest
  3. foremost, most prominent
  4. (mathematics) prime

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]