πρωτο-

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See also: πρώτο and πρωτό-

Greek[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ancient Greek πρῶτος (prôtos, first).

Pronunciation[edit]

Prefix[edit]

πρωτο- (proto-)

  1. added before a noun, adjective or verb to create words that indicates something that is the first:
    βουλή (voulí, will, desire)   x   πρωτοβουλία (protovoulía, initiative)
    γόνος (gónos, offspring)   x   πρωτόγονος (protógonos, primitive)
    υπουργός (ypourgós, minister)   x   πρωθυπουργός (prothypourgós, prime minister)
    κόλλα (kólla, glue)   x   πρωτόκολλο (protókollo, protocol)
    γνωρίζω (gnorízo, to know)   x   πρωτόγνωρος (protógnoros, unprecedented)
    πόρος (póros, resource)   x   πρωτοπόρος (protopóros, pioneer)
    τύπος (týpos, type, form)   x   πρωτότυπος (protótypos, original, prototype)
    φαίνομαι (faínomai, to appear, to be visible)   x   πρωτοφανής (protofanís, unprecedented)
    Μάιος (Máios, May)   x   Πρωτομαγιά (Protomagiá, May Day)
    χρονιά (chroniá, year)   x   Πρωτοχρονιά (Protochroniá, New Year's Day)
  2. added before a verb to create another verb that indicates when it was first done:
    βλέπω (vlépo, to see)   x   πρωτοβλέπω (protovlépo, to first see)
    μιλώ (miló, to speak)   x   πρωτομιλώ (protomiló, to first speak)
    μαθαίνω (mathaíno, to learn)   x   πρωτομαθαίνω (protomathaíno, to first learn)
  3. added before a noun to create words that indicates something is the first phase of a period of history, language, etc; Proto-:
    χριστιανικός (christianikós, Christian)   x   πρωτοχριστιανικός (protochristianikós, Early Christian)
    αττικός (attikós, Attic)   x   πρωτοαττικός (protoattikós, Protoattic)

Derived terms[edit]