ترس

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See also: ترش‎, پرش‎, پرس‎, برش, and برس

Arabic[edit]

تُرْس

Etymology 1[edit]

From Ancient Greek θυρεός (thureós), ultimately the same source as etymology 2.

Noun[edit]

تُرْس (tursm (plural تُرُوس(turūs) or أَتْراس(ʾatrās))

  1. shield, scutum
    Synonyms: (dated) دَرَقَة(daraqa), (modern, proscribed) دِرْع(dirʿ)
  2. turbot, Scophthalmus maximus
Declension[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Ottoman Turkish: ترس(türs, shield)
  • Persian: ترس(tors, shield)

Verb[edit]

تَرَّسَ (tarrasa) II, non-past يُتَرِّسُ‎‎ (yutarrisu)

  1. to shield, to defend with a shield
  2. to arm with a shield
Conjugation[edit]
تِرْس

Etymology 2[edit]

Ancient Greek θαιρός (thairós, a pivot of a door or gate; mechanism to open a door), from Ancient Greek θῠ́ρᾱ (thúrā, door, entrance), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *dʰwer-.

Noun[edit]

تِرْس (tirsm (plural تُرُوس(turūs))

  1. gear, sprocket, cogwheel
Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • Freytag, Georg (1833), “ترس”, in Lexicon arabico-latinum praesertim ex Djeuharii Firuzabadiique et aliorum Arabum operibus adhibitis Golii quoque et aliorum libris confectum (in Latin), volume 2, Halle: C. A. Schwetschke, page 24
  • Wehr, Hans; Kropfitsch, Lorenz (1985), “ترس”, in Arabisches Wörterbuch für die Schriftsprache der Gegenwart (in German), 5th edition, Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz, published 2011, →ISBN, page 138

Ottoman Turkish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Cognate to Azerbaijani tərs, which see for more.

Noun[edit]

ترس (ters)

  1. reverse side, flip side, opposite end
  2. dung, excrement
    Synonyms: گوبره(göbre, gübre), تزك(tezek), فشقی(fışkı)

Adjective[edit]

ترس (ters)

  1. reverse, opposite, contrary, converse, inverse

Descendants[edit]

  • Turkish: ters
  • North Levantine Arabic: ترس(tars, the reverse, in a countrary manner)
  • Northern Kurdish: ters (bent, crooked, skewed)

Etymology 2[edit]

From Northern Kurdish teres (coward), possibly from Persian ترسا(tarsâ, Christian).

Noun[edit]

ترس (teres)

  1. cuckold, wittol
    Synonyms: قودوش(kodoş), بوینزلو(boynuzlu), دیوث(deyyus), كراتا(kerata)
  2. pimp, pander
    Synonyms: پزونك(pezevenk), قودوش(kodoş)
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

ترس

From Arabic تُرْس(turs), from Ancient Greek θυρεός (thureós).

Noun[edit]

ترس (türs) (plural اتراس(etras), plural تروس(türüs))

  1. buckler, shield
    Synonyms: درقه(daraka), سپر(siper), قلقان(kalkan)

Etymology 4[edit]

From Persian ترس(tars).

Noun[edit]

ترس (ters)

  1. fright, terror

References[edit]

  • Meninski, Franciszek à Mesgnien (1680), “ترس”, in Thesaurus linguarum orientalium, Turcicae, Arabicae, Persicae, praecipuas earum opes à Turcis peculiariter usurpatas continens, nimirum Lexicon Turkico-Arabico-Persicum, Vienna, column 1149
  • Zenker, Julius Theodor (1866), “ترس”, in Türkisch-arabisch-persisches Handwörterbuch, volume 1, Leipzig: Wilhelm Engelmann, page 278

Persian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Inherited from Proto-Indo-Iranian *trāsás, from Proto-Indo-European *tros-ó-s (fear, dread), from *tres- (to tremble (with fear)). Compare Sanskrit त्रास (trāsa).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)

Noun[edit]

ترس (tars)

  1. fear
  2. terror
Synonyms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from Arabic تُرْس(turs, shield), from Ancient Greek θυρεός (thureós).

Noun[edit]

ترس (tors)

  1. shield, buckler

Southwestern Fars[edit]

Noun[edit]

ترس (ters)

  1. (Masarm, Deh Sarv, Kuzarg) fear
  2. (Masarm, Deh Sarv, Kuzarg) terror

Urdu[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Sanskrit [Term?], from the root तृष् (tṛṣ), ultimately derived from Proto-Indo-European *ters-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

تَرَس (tarasm (Hindi spelling तरस)

  1. pity, mercy
    تجھ پہ ترس آتا ہے۔‎‎
    tujh pih taras ātā hai.
    I feel sorry for you.
  2. longing, yearning

Declension[edit]

Declension of ترس
singular plural
direct ترس(taras) ترس(taras)
oblique ترس(taras) ترسوں(tarasō̃)
vocative ترس(taras) ترسو(tarasō)

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • ترس”, in اُردُو لُغَت (in Urdu), Ministry of Education: Government of Pakistan, 2017.
  • ترس”, in Rekhta Dictionary [Urdu dictionary with meanings in Hindi & English], Noida, India: Rekhta Foundation, 2023.