lichen

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English[edit]

Lichen growing on a rock.

Etymology[edit]

From Latin līchēn(ringworm), from Ancient Greek λειχήν(leikhḗn).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

lichen ‎(plural lichens)

  1. Any of many symbiotic organisms, being associations of fungi and algae; often found as white or yellow patches on old walls, etc.
    • 1894Rudyard Kipling, The Jungle Book, Lukannon
      The Beaches of Lukannon–the winter wheat so tall–
      The dripping, crinkled lichens, and the sea-fog drenching all!
    • 1895H. G. Wells, The Time Machine, ch XI
      It was the same rich green that one sees on forest moss or on the lichen in caves: plants which like these grow in a perpetual twilight.
    • 1915John Muir, Travels in Alaska, ch V
      The nibble marks of the stone adze were still visible, though crusted over with scale lichens in most places.
  2. (figuratively) Something which spreads across something else, causing damage.
    • 1912, Zane Grey, Riders of the Purple Sage, Chapter 15
      Meanwhile, abiding a day of judgment, she fought ceaselessly to deny the bitter drops in her cup, to tear back the slow, the intangibly slow growth of a hot, corrosive lichen eating into her heart.

Synonyms[edit]

  • (something which spreads): cancer

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References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 lichen” in Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary, Merriam-Webster Online.
  2. 2.0 2.1 lichen in Cambridge English Dictionary
  3. 3.0 3.1 lichen” (US) / “lichen” (UK) in Oxford Dictionaries, Oxford University Press.

French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin lichen, from Ancient Greek λειχήν(leikhḗn).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

lichen m ‎(plural lichens)

  1. lichen

Derived terms[edit]

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Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Ancient Greek λειχήν(leikhḗn)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

līchēn m ‎(genitive līchēnos or līchēnis); third declension

  1. (literally) a cryptogamic species of vegetation growing on trees, lichen
  2. (transferred sense, medicine) an eruption on the skin of men and beasts, a tetter, ringworm
    1. (and especially) a callous excrescence upon the leg of a horse, used as a medicine

Declension[edit]

Third declension, Greek type.
Case Singular Plural
nominative līchēn līchēnēs
genitive līchēnos līchēnum
dative līchēnī līchēnibus
accusative līchēna līchēnas
ablative līchēne līchēnibus
vocative līchēn līchēnēs
Third declension.
Case Singular Plural
nominative līchēn līchēnēs
genitive līchēnis līchēnum
dative līchēnī līchēnibus
accusative līchēnem līchēnēs
ablative līchēne līchēnibus
vocative līchēn līchēnēs

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