lichen

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English[edit]

Lichen growing on a rock.

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin līchēn, from Ancient Greek λειχήν (leikhḗn), from λείχω (leíkhō, “to lick”). Originally used of liverwort; the modern sense first recorded 1715

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

lichen (countable and uncountable, plural lichens or lichen)

  1. Any of many symbiotic organisms, being associations of algae and fungi, often found as white or yellow-to-blue–green patches on rocks, old walls, etc.
  2. (figurative) Something which gradually spreads across something else, causing damage.
    Synonym: cancer

Hyponyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 lichen”, in Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary, Springfield, Mass.: Merriam-Webster, 1996–present.
  2. 2.0 2.1 lichen”, in Cambridge English Dictionary, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire: Cambridge University Press, 1999–present.
  3. 3.0 3.1 lichen”, in Lexico, Dictionary.com; Oxford University Press, 2019–2022.

French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin lichen, from Ancient Greek λειχήν (leikhḗn).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

lichen m (plural lichens)

  1. lichen

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Ancient Greek λειχήν (leikhḗn).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

līchēn m (genitive līchēnos or līchēnis); third declension

  1. (literally) a cryptogamic species of vegetation growing on trees, lichen
  2. (transferred sense, medicine) an eruption on the skin of men and beasts, a tetter, ringworm
    1. (and especially) a callous excrescence upon the leg of a horse, used as a medicine

Declension[edit]

Third-declension noun (Greek-type, normal variant or non-Greek-type).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative līchēn līchēnes
līchēnēs
Genitive līchēnos
līchēnis
līchēnum
Dative līchēnī līchēnibus
Accusative līchēna
līchēnem
līchēnas
līchēnēs
Ablative līchēne līchēnibus
Vocative līchēn līchēnes
līchēnēs

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • English: lichen
  • French: lichen
  • Portuguese: líquen
  • Spanish: liquen

References[edit]

  • līchēn”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • līchēn in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette, page 909/3.
  • līchēn” on page 1,029/1 of the Oxford Latin Dictionary (1st ed., 1968–82)

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from French lichen.

Noun[edit]

lichen m (plural licheni)

  1. lichen

Declension[edit]