From Middle English renewen, an alteration (possibly on analogy with Latin renovāre) of earlier anewen (“to renew”), from Old English ġenīwian (“to restore; renovate; renew”), equivalent to re- + new. Cognate with Old High German giniuwōn (“to renew”), Middle High German geniuwen (“to renew”), Old Norse nýja (“to renew”).
- (transitive) To make (something) new again; to restore to freshness or original condition. [from 14thc.]
- (transitive) To replace (something which has broken etc.); to replenish (something which has been exhausted), to keep up a required supply of. [from 14thc.]
- (theology) To make new spiritually; to regenerate. [from 14th c.]
- (now rare, intransitive) To become new, or as new; to revive. [15th-18thc.]
- 1624, Democritus Junior [pseudonym; Robert Burton], The Anatomy of Melancholy: […], 2nd edition, Oxford, Oxfordshire: Printed by John Lichfield and James Short, for Henry Cripps, OCLC 54573970:, II.2.6.ii:
- […] to such as are in fear they strike a great impression, renew many times, and recal such chimeras and terrible fictions into their minds.
- 1997 July, “Seeking Christian interiority: An interview with Louis Dupre”, in Christian Century, volume 114, number 21, page 654:
- But Christianity was a new religious force in Augustine's day. Today, as you say, its power to integrate culture has all but disappeared. Does Christianity still have the capacity to renew?
- 2010 September, Michael Allen, "St. Louis Preservation Fund", St. Louis magazine, ISSN 1090-5723, Vol.16, Is.9, p.74:
- Renewing neighborhoods dealing with vacant buildings badly need options other than demolition or dangerous vacant spaces.
- (transitive) To begin again; to recommence. [from 16thc.]
- 1660, John Dryden, translating Virgil, (apparently from Eclogue 4), a snippet of translation used to introduce Dryden's Astræa Redux: A poem on the happy restoration and return of His Sacred Majesty Charles II
- The last great age, foretold by sacred rhymes, / Renews its finished course ; Saturnian times / Roll round again.
- 1907, Robert William Chambers, chapter IX, in The Younger Set, New York, N.Y.: D. Appleton & Company, OCLC 24962326:
- “A tight little craft,” was Austin’s invariable comment on the matron; […]. ¶ Near her wandered her husband, orientally bland, invariably affable, and from time to time squinting sideways, as usual, in the ever-renewed expectation that he might catch a glimpse of his stiff, retroussé moustache.
- (rare) To repeat. [from 17thc.]
- (transitive, intransitive) To extend a period of loan, especially a library book that is due to be returned.
- I'd like to renew these three books. Did you know that you can renew online?
- See also Thesaurus:repair
renew (plural renews)
- Synonym of