grains of paradise
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- The seeds or seed capsules of the Aframomum melegueta, used as a medicine and spice, especially as a substitute for black pepper and in flavoring alcoholic beverages.
- c. 1460, John Russell, The Boke of Nurture, p. 126:
- 1743, William Ellis, supplement to The London & Country Brewer, 2nd ed., p. 288:
- 1812, James Smyth, The Practice of the Customs in the Entry, Examination, and Delivery of Goods and Merchandize, ii, p. 84:
- Guinea Grains and Grains of Paradise are considered, by the Trade, as one and the same article.
- 1850, Charles Kingsley, Alton Locke, Vol I, Ch. viii, p. 127:
- ...beer poisoned wi' grains o' paradise, and cocculus indicus.
- 1994, Anthea Bell, A History of Food, Wiley-Blackwell, translation of original by Maguelonne Toussaint-Samat, →ISBN, page 495:
- "In fact this spice was making a second appearance in Europe: it was Guinea pepper, mentioned by Pliny as 'African pepper', and also known as Malaguetta pepper or grains of Paradise. Grains of Paradise had been very popular in the thirteenth century and again in the sixteenth; its popularity may have been due to the brilliant name thought up for it by some advertising genius born before his time."
- 2006, Susheela Raghavan, Handbook of Spices, Seasonings, and Flavorings, 2nd edition, CRC Press, →ISBN, page 119:
- "Also called Melegueta or Malagueta pepper, guinea grain, or guinea pepper, grains of paradise were prized as a spice and as a substitute for black pepper in Europe during the Middle Ages."
- (uncommon) The Aframomum melegueta itself, a herbaceous perennial plant native to the swamps of the West African coast.
- (Aframomum melegueta): guinea grains, Guinea pepper, malagueta or melegueta; alligator pepper, malagueta pepper, cardamom (now improper)