experiment

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: Experiment

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English experiment, from Old French esperiment (French expérience), from Latin experimentum (experience, attempt, experiment), from experior (to experience, to attempt), itself from ex + *perior, in turn from Proto-Indo-European *per-.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ɪkˈspɛ.ɹɪ.mənt/, /ɛkˈspɛ.ɹɪ.mənt/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ɪkˈspɛɹ.ə.mənt/, /ɪkˈspɪɹ.ə.mənt/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: ex‧per‧i‧ment

Noun[edit]

experiment (plural experiments)

  1. A test under controlled conditions made to either demonstrate a known truth, examine the validity of a hypothesis, or determine the efficacy or likelihood of something previously untried.
    conduct an experiment
    carry out some experiments
    perform a scientific exeriment
    • 1837, Letitia Elizabeth Landon, Ethel Churchill, volume 2, page 327:
      From her childhood she had been accustomed to watch, and often to aid, in her uncle's chemical experiments; she was, therefore, not at a loss, as a complete novice in the science would have been.
    • 2019, VOA Learning English (public domain)
      South Korean officials announced last month that an experiment to create artificial rain did not provide the desired results.
      (file)
  2. (obsolete) Experience, practical familiarity with something.

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Verb[edit]

experiment (third-person singular simple present experiments, present participle experimenting, simple past and past participle experimented)

  1. (intransitive) To conduct an experiment.
    We're going to experiment on rats.
  2. (transitive, obsolete) To experience; to feel; to perceive; to detect.
    • 1662 Thomas Salusbury, Galileo's Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems (Dialogue 2):
      The Earth, the which may have carried us about perpetually ... without our being ever able to experiment its rest.
  3. (transitive, obsolete) To test or ascertain by experiment; to try out; to make an experiment on.
    • 1481 William Caxton, The Mirrour of the World 1.5.22:
      Til they had experimented whiche was trewe, and who knewe most.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

References[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin experīmentum, attested from 1460.[1]

Noun[edit]

experiment m (plural experiments)

  1. experiment

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ experiment”, in Gran Diccionari de la Llengua Catalana, Grup Enciclopèdia Catalana, 2022

Further reading[edit]


Czech[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin experīmentum

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

experiment m inan

  1. experiment
    provést experiment.to perform an experiment.

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • experiment in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • experiment in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Dutch experiment, from Old French experiment, from Latin experimentum.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˌɛks.peː.riˈmɛnt/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: ex‧pe‧ri‧ment
  • Rhymes: -ɛnt

Noun[edit]

experiment n (plural experimenten, diminutive experimentje n)

  1. experiment

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Indonesian: eksperimen

Occitan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin experīmentum.

Noun[edit]

experiment m (plural experiments)

  1. experiment

Related terms[edit]


Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Khylla Raizah S. Tapulao

Noun[edit]

experiment n (plural experimente)

  1. experiment

Declension[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin experīmentum, attested from 1682.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

experiment n

  1. experiment

Declension[edit]

Declension of experiment 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative experiment experimentet experiment experimenten
Genitive experiments experimentets experiments experimentens

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]