experiment

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: Experiment

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology[edit]

From Old French experiment (French expérience), from Latin experimentum (experience, attempt, experiment), from experior (to experience, to attempt), itself from ex + *perior, in turn from Proto-Indo-European *per-.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ɪkˈspɛɹ.ɪ.mənt/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ɪkˈspɛɹ.ə.mənt/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: ex‧per‧i‧ment

Noun[edit]

experiment (plural experiments)

  1. A test under controlled conditions made to either demonstrate a known truth, examine the validity of a hypothesis, or determine the efficacy of something previously untried.
    • 2019, VOA Learning English (public domain)
      South Korean officials announced last month that an experiment to create artificial rain did not provide the desired results.
      (file)
  2. (obsolete) Experience, practical familiarity with something.
    • 1590, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Queene, II.vii:
      Pilot [...] Vpon his card and compas firmes his eye, / The maisters of his long experiment, / And to them does the steddy helme apply [...].

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

Verb[edit]

experiment (third-person singular simple present experiments, present participle experimenting, simple past and past participle experimented)

  1. (intransitive) To conduct an experiment.
  2. (transitive, obsolete) To experience; to feel; to perceive; to detect.
    • 1662 Thomas Salusbury, Galileo's Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems (Dialogue 2):
      The Earth, the which may have carried us about perpetually ... without our being ever able to experiment its rest.
  3. (transitive, obsolete) To test or ascertain by experiment; to try out; to make an experiment on.
    • 1481 William Caxton, The Mirrour of the World 1.5.22:
      Til they had experimented whiche was trewe, and who knewe most.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

References[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Noun[edit]

experiment m (plural experiments)

  1. experiment

Related terms[edit]


Czech[edit]

Noun[edit]

experiment m

  1. experiment

Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French experiment, from Latin experimentum.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: ex‧pe‧ri‧ment

Noun[edit]

experiment n (plural experimenten, diminutive experimentje n)

  1. experiment

Synonyms[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

experiment n

  1. experiment

Declension[edit]

Declension of experiment 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative experiment experimentet experiment experimenten
Genitive experiments experimentets experiments experimentens