dy-

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Polish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin di-.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /dɨ/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes:
  • Syllabification: dy

Prefix[edit]

dy-

  1. di-
    dy- + ‎chromatyczny → ‎dychromatyczny
    Synonyms: bi-, dwu-

Derived terms[edit]

Category Polish words prefixed with dy- not found

Further reading[edit]

  • dy- in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Welsh[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *dus-, from Proto-Indo-European *dus-.[1]

Prefix[edit]

dy-

  1. bad
    dy- + ‎llaw (hand) → ‎dylaw (clumsy)
Derived terms[edit]
Category Welsh words prefixed with dy- (bad) not found

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *do-, from Proto-Indo-European *do.[2]

Prefix[edit]

dy-

  1. to, together
    dy- + ‎mynnu (to insist) → ‎dyfyn (summons)
    dy- + ‎crŷn (trembling) → ‎dychryn (to frighten)
Usage notes[edit]

This prefix causes soft mutation except before cl and cr, which become chl and chr.[2]

Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
dy- ddy- ny- unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Morris Jones, John (1913) A Welsh Grammar, Historical and Comparative, Oxford: Clarendon Press, § 156 i 14
  2. 2.0 2.1 Morris Jones, John (1913) A Welsh Grammar, Historical and Comparative, Oxford: Clarendon Press, § 156 i 13

Further reading[edit]

  • R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950–present), “dy-”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies