galena

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See also: Galena and galèna

English[edit]

Galena
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology[edit]

From Latin galēna (dross from smelting lead), of unknown origin.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

galena (usually uncountable, plural galenas or galenae)

  1. (mineralogy) A mineral, lead sulphide (PbS), mined as an ore for lead. [From circa 1600.]
    • 1939 November, Raymond B. Wailes, Chemical Engineering for Home Experimenters, Popular Science, page 207,
      You can easily extract lead from galena, a natural mineral which has been used in crystal radio receivers.
    • 1942, G. F. Loughlin, A. H. Koschmann, Geology and Ore Deposits of the Magdalena Mining District, New Mexico, Geological Survey Professional Paper, Issue 200, page 98,
      The galena of the ore contains microscopic inclusions of various forms that become visible upon polished surfaces etched with hydrochloric or nitric acid.
    • 1953, National Research Council (U.S.), Report of the Committee on the Measurement of Geologic Time, page 132,
      These samples had higher Pb206 and Pb208 abundances than any other galenas yet examined.
    • 2008, Sanghamitra Ghosh, Heavy Stable Isotope Investigations in Environmental Science and Archaeology, page 77,
      Very little galena has been reported (recovered mostly from burial mounds) in the Great Lakes region indicating that the mineral was not a major interregional exchange commodity during this period. However, numerous galenas have been recovered from the lower Mississippi Valley region and Florida indicating that galena was part of an important north-south exchange system (Walthall 1981).
  2. (medicine, obsolete) A remedy or antidote for poison; theriac[1]

Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1809, Bartholomew Parr, "PROGNOSIS" in The London Medical Dictionary

Further reading[edit]

  • David Barthelmy (1997–2021), “Galena”, in Webmineral Mineralogy Database.
  • galena”, in Mindat.org[1], Hudson Institute of Mineralogy, 2000–2021.

Anagrams[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin galēna.

Noun[edit]

galena f (plural galenes)

  1. galena

Further reading[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.
Particularly: “The OLD states that the etymology is unknown.”

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

galēna f (genitive galēnae); first declension

  1. lead-ore
    • 77–79, Pliny the Elder, Natural History, book 33, chapter 31:
      Excoqui non potest, nisi cum plumbo nigro aut cum vena plumbi – galenam vocant – quae iuxta argenti venas plerumque reperitur.
      It cannot be smelted, except together with lead or with the vein of lead – they call it galena – that is mostly found next to veins of silver.
    • (Can we find and add a quotation of Corpus Inscriptionum Latinarum to this entry?)
  2. (by extension) the dross that remains after smelting this ore
    • (Can we find and add a quotation of Pliny the Elder to this entry?)
    • 77–79, Pliny the Elder, Natural History, book 34, chapter 47:
      Huius qui primus fuit in fornacibus liquor stagnum appellatur; qui secundus argentum; quod remansit in fornacibus, galena, quae fit tertia portio additae venae; haec rursus conflata dat nigrum plumbum deductis partibus nonis II.
      That which first becomes liquid in the furnaces is called stagnum; that which is second is silver; what remains in the furnaces is galena, which forms a third portion of the added vein; when again made to fuse this gives black lead, two-ninths having been deducted.
    • 77–79, Pliny the Elder, Natural History, book 34, chapter 53:
      Est et molybdaena, quam alio loco galenam appellavimus, vena argenti plumbique communis.
      There is also molybdaena, which elsewhere we have called galena, a mineral of silver and lead together.

Declension[edit]

First-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative galēna galēnae
Genitive galēnae galēnārum
Dative galēnae galēnīs
Accusative galēnam galēnās
Ablative galēnā galēnīs
Vocative galēna galēnae

Descendants[edit]

  • Catalan: galena
  • English: galena
  • French: galène
  • Italian: galena
  • Spanish: galena

References[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin galēna.

Noun[edit]

galena f (plural galenas)

  1. (mineralogy) galena (mineral mined as an ore of lead)

Spanish[edit]

Spanish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia es

Etymology[edit]

From Latin galēna.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ɡaˈlena/, [ɡaˈle.na]

Noun[edit]

galena f (plural galenas)

  1. (mineralogy) galena

Further reading[edit]