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Alternative forms[edit]


From Proto-Italic *ferweō, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰrewh₁- (to be hot, boil). Cognate with Ancient Greek φρέαρ (phréar), Old Armenian բորբ (borb), Welsh berw (to boil), English burn, brew, per De Vaan[1] citing Schrijver.[2]



ferveō (present infinitive fervēre, perfect active ferbuī or fervī, supine fervitum); second conjugation, impersonal in the passive

  1. to be hot
  2. to burn
  3. to boil; seethe, foam
  4. (figuratively) to come or swarm forth in great numbers
  5. (figuratively) to be inflamed, agitated or fired up


   Conjugation of ferveō (second conjugation, impersonal in passive)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present ferveō fervēs fervet fervēmus fervētis fervent
imperfect fervēbam fervēbās fervēbat fervēbāmus fervēbātis fervēbant
future fervēbō fervēbis fervēbit fervēbimus fervēbitis fervēbunt
perfect ferbuī ferbuistī ferbuit ferbuimus ferbuistis ferbuērunt,
pluperfect ferbueram ferbuerās ferbuerat ferbuerāmus ferbuerātis ferbuerant
future perfect ferbuerō ferbueris ferbuerit ferbuerimus ferbueritis ferbuerint
passive present fervētur
imperfect fervēbātur
future fervēbitur
perfect fervitum est
pluperfect fervitum erat
future perfect fervitum erit
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present ferveam ferveās ferveat ferveāmus ferveātis ferveant
imperfect fervērem fervērēs fervēret fervērēmus fervērētis fervērent
perfect ferbuerim ferbuerīs ferbuerit ferbuerīmus ferbuerītis ferbuerint
pluperfect ferbuissem ferbuissēs ferbuisset ferbuissēmus ferbuissētis ferbuissent
passive present ferveātur
imperfect fervērētur
perfect fervitum sit
pluperfect fervitum esset,
fervitum foret
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present fervē fervēte
future fervētō fervētō fervētōte ferventō
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives fervēre ferbuisse fervitūrum esse fervērī fervitum esse
participles fervēns fervitūrus fervitum fervendum
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
fervendī fervendō fervendum fervendō fervitum fervitū

Derived terms[edit]



  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 165
  2. ^ Schrijver, Peter C. H. (1991) The reflexes of the Proto-Indo-European laryngeals in Latin (Leiden studies in Indo-European; 2), Amsterdam, Atlanta: Rodopi, →ISBN