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U+808B, 肋
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-808B

[U+808A]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+808C]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 130, +2, 6 strokes, cangjie input 月大尸 (BKS), four-corner 74227, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 973, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 29239
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1424, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2043, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+808B

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
肋-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*rɯːɡ
*rɯːɡ
*rɯːɡ
*rɯːɡ, *rɯɡ
*rɯːɡ
*rɯːɡ, *rɯɡ
*rɯːɡ
*rɯːɡ, *rɯɡ
*rɯːɡ
*rɯːɡ
*rɯɡ
*rɯɡ
*rɯɡ

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • Quanzhou:
    • liak - colloquial variant.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (37)
Final () (131)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/lək̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/lək̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/lək̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/lək̚/
Li
Rong
/lək̚/
Wang
Li
/lək̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/lək̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
lèi
Middle
Chinese
‹ lok ›
Old
Chinese
/*[r]ˁək/
English rib

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 7845
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*rɯːɡ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. rib
Synonyms[edit]
Dialectal synonyms of 肋骨 (“rib”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 肋骨
Mandarin Beijing 肋巴骨肋搭骨肋條骨
Taiwan 肋骨
Harbin 肋巴骨肋骨肋巴扇子肋巴
Hailar 肋條骨
Ulan Hot 肋條骨
Tongliao 肋條骨
Chifeng 肋骨
Bayanhot 肋巴
Jinan 肋條骨肋條
Muping 肋巴
Luoyang 肋巴
Jiedian 肋肢
Xi'an 肋子骨
Qingdao 肋巴條子肋巴骨
Xining 肋巴骨肋巴
Xuzhou 肋巴骨
Yinchuan 肋巴
Lanzhou 肋巴
Ürümqi 肋巴骨
Wuhan 婆羅骨排子骨
Huanggang 排盧骨
Chengdu 肋巴骨
Guiyang 肋巴骨
Liuzhou 肋巴骨肋𩩍骨
Yangzhou 肋身骨肋巴骨肋骨
Nanjing 肋幫骨
Nantong 肋膀骨肋身骨
Sokuluk (Gansu Dungan) 肋巴骨胸杈子
Masanchin (Shaanxi Dungan) 肋子
Cantonese Guangzhou 肋骨𩩍骨
Hong Kong 肋骨𩩍骨
Shunde 肋骨
Foshan 肋骨
Zhongshan 肋骨
Dongguan 肋坑骨肋骨
Hong Kong (Weitou) 𩩍骨
Doumen (Shangheng Tanka) 肋骨
Taishan 掩仔骨
Kaiping 掩仔骨
Shaoguan 肋骨
Yunfu 𩩍骨
Xinyi 肋骨
Lianjiang 肋骨
Kuala Lumpur 排骨
Gan Nanchang 肋巴骨
Lichuan 排扇骨
Pingxiang 肋塞骨肋塞
Hakka Meixian 掩跛骨胸前骨肋骨
Changting 肋骨
Wuping 營坑骨
Liancheng 演枉骨
Ninghua 排生骨
Yudu 排山骨
Shicheng 排骨
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 𩩍籬骨
Liudui (S. Sixian) 𩩍籬骨
Hsinchu (Hailu) 𩩍籬骨
Dongshi (Dabu) 𩩍籬骨
Hsinchu (Raoping) 𩩍琵骨
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 排子骨
Hong Kong 肋梗仔
Huizhou Jixi 肋血骨
Jin Taiyuan 肋羅齒
Xinzhou 肋肢
Baochang 肋肢
Jining 肋骨
Hohhot 肋子
Baotou 肋骨
Dongsheng 肋肢
Linhe 肋肢
Haibowan 肋條
Min Bei Jian'ou 排比骨
Min Dong Fuzhou 肋條骨肋排骨
Changle 肋排骨
Fuqing 肋條骨
Yongtai 肋排骨
Gutian 肋排骨
Fu'an 排骨
Ningde 排骨
Shouning 排骨
Zhouning 脅邊
Fuding 肋排骨
Min Nan Xiamen 胸坎骨𩩍枝骨排骨
Quanzhou 胸坎骨𩩍枝骨排骨
Zhangzhou 胸坎骨籤仔骨排骨
Taipei 𩩍骨
Kaohsiung 箅仔骨
Tainan 箅仔骨
Taichung 排仔骨
Wuqi 排仔骨
Hsinchu 排仔骨
Taitung 排仔骨
Lukang 排仔骨
Yilan 排仔骨
Magong 箅仔骨
Penang 胸坎骨
Shantou 肋骨𩩍籬骨
Haifeng 𩩍籬
Johor Bahru 𩩍籬骨
Wenchang 肋骨
Haikou 胸程骨胸格骨
Leizhou 索條骨
Puxian Min Putian 𩩍骨
Xianyou 𩩍骨
Wu Shanghai 肋棚骨
Suzhou 肋棚骨
Wuxi 肚棚骨
Hangzhou 肋棚骨
Wenzhou 肚棚骨
Chongming 肋棚骨
Danyang 肋排骨肋骨
Jinhua 皮子骨
Ningbo 肋排骨
Xiang Changsha 肋巴骨排肋骨

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Definitions[edit]

  1. Only used in 肋脦.

Etymology 3[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“tendon; sinew; muscle; etc.”).
(This character, , is a variant form of .)

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. rib

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
あばら
Jinmeiyō
kun’yomi

By extension from , 荒ら (abara), "loosely spaced with sizable gaps", itself possibly related to the root ばら (bara), "scattered".

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana あばら, rōmaji abara)

  1. short for 肋骨 (abarabone): rib (body part)

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
ばら
Jinmeiyō
kun’yomi

Shortened from あばら (abara).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana ばら, katakana バラ, rōmaji bara)

  1. short for 肋肉 (baraniku): rib (meat, generally beef or pork)
Usage notes[edit]

This word is more often spelled in hiragana as ばら or in katakana as バラ.

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(reuk>neuk) (hangeul >, revised reuk>neuk, McCune–Reischauer rŭk>nŭk, Yale luk>nuk)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(lặc)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.