From Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
U+808B, 肋
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-808B

[U+808A]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+808C]
U+F953, 肋
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-F953

[U+F952]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs
[U+F954]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(Kangxi radical 130, +2, 6 strokes, cangjie input 月大尸 (BKS), four-corner 74227, composition )

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 973, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 29239
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1424, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 3, page 2043, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+808B

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp. #

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script

Phono-semantic compound (形聲形声, OC *rɯːɡ): phonetic (OC *rɯɡ) + semantic (meat; body part)

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • Quanzhou:
    • liak - colloquial variant.
  • (Teochew)

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (37)
    Final () (131)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Baxter lok
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /lək̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /lək̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /lək̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /lək̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /lək̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /lək̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /lək̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    lak6
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    lèi
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ lok ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[r]ˁək/
    English rib

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 7845
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*rɯːɡ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. rib
    Synonyms[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Pronunciation[edit]


    Definitions[edit]

    1. Only used in 肋脦 (lēte).

    Etymology 3[edit]

    For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“tendon; sinew; muscle; etc.”).
    (This character, , is a variant form of ).

    References[edit]

    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

    1. rib

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    あばら
    Jinmeiyō
    kun’yomi

    By extension from , 荒ら (abara), "loosely spaced with sizable gaps", itself possibly related to the root ばら (bara), "scattered".

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (あばら) (abara

    1. short for 肋骨 (abarabone): rib (body part)

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    ばら
    Jinmeiyō
    kun’yomi

    Shortened from あばら (abara).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (ばら) or (バラ) (bara

    1. short for 肋肉 (baraniku): rib (meat, generally beef or pork)
    Usage notes[edit]

    This word is more often spelled in hiragana as ばら or in katakana as バラ.

    References[edit]

    1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    From Middle Chinese (MC lok). Recorded as Middle Korean 륵〮 (lúk) (Yale: luk) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

    Hanja[edit]

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun 갈비 (galbi reuk), South Korea 갈비 (galbi neuk))

    1. Hanja form? of / (rib).

    Compounds[edit]

    References[edit]

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [2]

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Nôm readings: lặc

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.