すぐ

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See also: すく and ずく

Japanese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Likely derived from root verb form sugu. The expected adjectival or adverbial form would be sugi, but there is evidence for sugu used in this way in ancient eastern dialects.[2]

Notably, the modern verbs 過ぎる (sugiru) and 挿げる (sugeru) derived from sugu (see further below) have shared underlying senses of “going through; directly; without stopping or turning”, indicative of this common root.

Alternative forms[edit]

Adjective[edit]

すぐ (-na inflection, rōmaji sugu)

  1. straight, not bent

Adverb[edit]

すぐ (rōmaji sugu)

  1. 直ぐ: immediately, right away, soon
    すぐ ()くよ
    sugu iku yo
    I'll be there right away.
  2. 直ぐ: quick to
    すぐ (おこ)
    sugu okoru
    quick to anger
  3. 直ぐ: right next to, right close by
    すぐ (うえ)
    sugu ue ni
    right on top
Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

The reading of various kanji terms.

Verb[edit]

すぐ (rōmaji sugu)

  1. (obsolete) 過ぐ: classical form of modern 過ぎる (sugiru, to go through, to go past; to exceed)
  2. (obsolete) 挿ぐ: classical form of modern 挿げる (sugeru, to connect or affix one thing to another, especially by passing something through something else)

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan