gwneud

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Welsh[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Back-formation from gwneuthur, from Middle Welsh gwneuthur, altered from *gwreithur with -n- from gwnïo (to sew), from Proto-Celtic *wregeti (compare Cornish gwra (he does, makes), Breton gra (he does, makes), Old Irish fairged (they made)), from Proto-Indo-European *werǵ- (compare English work). Middle Welsh preserved the -r- in the preterite: gwreith (I did, made), goruc (he did, made).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

gwneud (first-person singular present gwnaf)

  1. to do; to make
    Dw i'n gwneud e heddiw.I am doing it today.
    Wyt ti'n gwneud y brecwast y bore 'ma?Are you making breakfast this morning?
  2. auxiliary verb used to form the past or future tenses.
    Wnes i anghofio.I forgot. (literally, “I did forget.”)
    Wnest ti gofio'r ateb.You remembered the answer. (literally, “You did remember the answer.”)
    Wnaethoch chi ei gweld hi?Did you see her?
    Wnaeth o fwyta'r brechdan?Did he eat the sandwich?
    Wnaeth hi dy weld di.She saw you. (literally, “She did see you.”)
    Wnaeth y ci ddim bwyta'r cig.The dog didn't eat the meat.
    Wnaethon ni ddod adref.We came home. (literally, “We did come home.”)
    Wnaethon nhw ddim mynd i Fangor.They didn't go to Bangor.

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
gwneud wneud ngwneud unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.