gwneud

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Welsh[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Back-formation from gwneuthur, from Middle Welsh gwneuthur, altered from *gwreithur with -n- from gwnio (to sew), from Proto-Celtic *wregeti (compare Cornish gwra (he does, makes), Breton gra (he does, makes), Old Irish fairged (they made)), from Proto-Indo-European *werǵ- (compare English work). Middle Welsh preserved the -r- in the preterite: gwreith (I did, made), goruc (he did, made).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

gwneud (first-person singular present gwnaf)

  1. to do; to make
    Dw i'n gwneud e heddiw.
    I am doing it today.
    Wyt ti'n gwneud y brecwast y bore 'ma?
    Are you making breakfast this morning?
  2. auxiliary verb used to form the past or future tenses.
    Wnes i anghofio.
    I forgot. (lit. I did forget)
    Wnest ti gofio'r ateb.
    You remembered the answer. (lit. You did remember the answer.)
    Wnaethoch chi ei gweld hi.
    You saw her. (lit. You did see her.)
    Wnaeth o fwyta'r brechdan.
    He ate the sandwich. (lit. He did eat the sandwich.)
    Wnaeth hi dy weld di.
    She saw you. (lit. She did see you.)
    Wnaeth y ci fwyta'r cig.
    The dog ate the meat. (lit. The dog did eat the meat.)
    Wnaethon ni ddod adref.
    We came home. (lit. We did come home.)
    Wnaethon nhw fynd i Fangor.
    They went to Bangor. (lit. They did go to Bangor.)

Conjugation[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
gwneud wneud ngwneud unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.