bruma

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See also: brumă and brumã

French[edit]

Verb[edit]

bruma

  1. third-person singular past historic of brumer

Anagrams[edit]


Icelandic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From brum (bud) +‎ -a.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

bruma (weak verb, third-person singular past indicative brumaði, supine brumað)

  1. (intransitive, botany) to bud

Conjugation[edit]


Italian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin brūma.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈbru.ma/
  • Rhymes: -uma
  • Hyphenation: brù‧ma

Noun[edit]

bruma f (plural brume)

  1. mist, haze
  2. shipworm

Related terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From brevima, brevissima (shortest), superlative form of brevis (short). The winter solstice is the shortest day of the year.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

brūma f (genitive brūmae); first declension

  1. the winter solstice
    • 8 CE, Ovid, Fasti 1.163:
      brūma novī prīma est veterisque novissima sōlis
      The winter solstice is the first day of the new sun, and the last of the old
  2. (by extension) winter, winter cold

Declension[edit]

First-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative brūma brūmae
Genitive brūmae brūmārum
Dative brūmae brūmīs
Accusative brūmam brūmās
Ablative brūmā brūmīs
Vocative brūma brūmae

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Eastern Romance:
    • Aromanian: brumã
    • Romanian: brumă
  • Old Occitan: bruma
  • Old Portuguese:
  • Old Spanish:
  • Albanian: brymë
  • Old French: brume
  • Vulgar Latin: brūmārius (November)

References[edit]


Occitan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Occitan bruma, from Latin bruma (winter solstice, winter). Cognate with French brume.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)

Noun[edit]

bruma f (plural brumas)

  1. (Gascony, Languedoc, Limousin, Vivaro-alpine) fog

Derived terms[edit]

Dialectal variants[edit]

Synonyms[edit]


Portuguese[edit]

bruma

Etymology[edit]

From Old Portuguese bruma, from Latin brūma.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bruma f (plural brumas)

  1. mist (water or other liquid finely suspended in air)
    Synonyms: cerração, nevoeiro, névoa, neblina

Related terms[edit]


Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From brumă +‎ -a.

Verb[edit]

a bruma (third-person singular present brumează, past participle brumat1st conj.

  1. (impersonal) to have frost form
  2. to form frost, become covered in hoarfrost, rime

Conjugation[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin brūma.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈbɾuma/, [ˈbɾu.ma]

Noun[edit]

bruma f (plural brumas)

  1. haze, especially costal fog or haar
  2. (archaic) winter
    Synonym: invierno

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]