rime

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See also: rimé and ríme

English[edit]

Wikipedia-logo.png
 rime on Wikipedia
Rime on trees.

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English rim, from Old English hrīm, from Proto-Germanic *hrīmaz, *hrīmą (hoarfrost) (compare Dutch rijm, Danish rim); akin to Latvian krèims (cream) and Latin bruma (winter solstice).

Noun[edit]

rime (uncountable)

  1. (meteorology, uncountable) Ice formed by the rapid freezing of cold water droplets of fog onto a cold surface.
    • De Quincey
      The trees were now covered with rime.
    • 1899, Knut Hamsun, Hunger, translated by George Egerton, Part III, page 167
      I rose, put on my shoes, and began to walk up and down the floor to try and warm myself. I looked out; there was rime on the window; it was snowing.
  2. (meteorology, uncountable) A coating or sheet of ice so formed.
  3. (uncountable) A film or slimy coating.
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

rime (third-person singular simple present rimes, present participle riming, simple past and past participle rimed)

  1. To freeze or congeal into hoarfrost.

Etymology 2[edit]

Middle English rime, from Old English rīm (number), from Proto-Germanic *rīmą (calculation, number), from Proto-Indo-European *rēy- (to regulate, count). Influenced in meaning by Old French rime from the same Germanic source.

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

rime (plural rimes)

  1. (obsolete or dialectal) Number.
  2. (archaic except in direct borrowings from French) Rhyme.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Landor to this entry?)
    Samuel Taylor Coleridge wrote The Rime of the Ancient Mariner in the 18th century.
  3. (linguistics) The second part of a syllable, from the vowel on, as opposed to the onset.
Usage notes[edit]

In reading education, "rime" refers to the vowel and the letters that come after the eventual initial consonant(s) in a syllable. For example, sit, spit, and split all have the same rime (-it). Words that rhyme often share the same rime, such as rock and sock (-ock). However, words that rhyme do not always share the same rime, such as claim and fame (-aim and -ame). Additionally, words that share the same rime do not always rhyme, such as tough and though (-ough). Rhyme and rime are not interchangeable, although they often overlap.

Verb[edit]

rime (third-person singular simple present rimes, present participle riming, simple past and past participle rimed)

  1. Obsolete form of rhyme.

Etymology 3[edit]

Unknown

Noun[edit]

rime (plural rimes)

  1. A step of a ladder; a rung.

Etymology 4[edit]

Latin rima.

Noun[edit]

rime (plural rimes)

  1. A rent or long aperture; a chink; a fissure; a crack.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Sir Thomas Browne to this entry?)
Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Danish[edit]

Verb[edit]

rime (imperative rim, infinitive at rime, present tense rimer, past tense rimede, perfect tense rimet)

  1. to rhyme

References[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French rime, from Vulgar Latin *rimare, from Frankish *rīm or Old High German rīm (series, row, number). Akin to Old English rīm (row, series, number).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

rime f (plural rimes)

  1. rhyme

Verb[edit]

rime

  1. inflection of rimer:
    1. first-person and third-person singular present indicative and subjunctive
    2. second-person singular imperative

Anagrams[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Italian[edit]

Noun[edit]

rime f

  1. plural of rima

Anagrams[edit]


Middle Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Noun[edit]

rime m, f

  1. line of poetry, verse
  2. rhyme

Inflection[edit]

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • rime (II)”, in Vroegmiddelnederlands Woordenboek, 2000
  • rime (II)”, in Middelnederlandsch Woordenboek, 1929

Middle English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old English rīm (number).

Noun[edit]

rime (plural rimes)

  1. number
    Þatt full wel iss bitacnedd Þurrh tale & rime off fowwerrtiȝ, Off fowwerr siþe tene. — Ormulum, c1200
    (That full well is betokened thru tale and the number of forty, of four times ten.)

Related terms[edit]


Old French[edit]

Noun[edit]

rime f (oblique plural rimes, nominative singular rime, nominative plural rimes)

  1. story; tale; account

Synonyms[edit]

Descendants[edit]


Portuguese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

rime

  1. first-person singular (eu) present subjunctive of rimar
  2. third-person singular (ele and ela, also used with você and others) present subjunctive of rimar
  3. third-person singular (você) affirmative imperative of rimar
  4. third-person singular (você) negative imperative of rimar

Spanish[edit]

Verb[edit]

rime

  1. Formal second-person singular (usted) imperative form of rimar.
  2. First-person singular (yo) present subjunctive form of rimar.
  3. Formal second-person singular (usted) present subjunctive form of rimar.
  4. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present subjunctive form of rimar.