برد

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See also: ترد‎, تزد, and پرد

Arabic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From the root ب ر د(b-r-d).

Verb[edit]

بَرَدَ (barada) I, non-past يَبْرُدُ‎‎ (yabrudu)

  1. to be or become cold, to cool off
  2. to feel cold
  3. to cool, chill
  4. to soothe, to alleviate (pain)
Conjugation[edit]

Verb[edit]

بَرُدَ (baruda) I, non-past يَبْرُدُ‎‎ (yabrudu)

  1. to be or become cold
Conjugation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(file)

بَرْد (bardm

  1. verbal noun of بَرَدَ (barada) (form I)
  2. cold, coldness
  3. cooling
  4. cold (illness)
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From the root ب ر د(b-r-d). Compare Aramaic בַּרְדָא(barḏā), Hebrew בָּרָד(bārāḏ).

Noun[edit]

بَرَد (baradm

  1. (collective) hail, hailstones
Declension[edit]
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From Old Armenian բուրդ (burd).

Noun[edit]

بُرْد (burdm (plural أَبْرَاد(ʾabrād) or بُرُود(burūd) or أَبْرُد(ʾabrud))

  1. a kind of striped upper garment
  2. a kind of coat
    • 7th century CE, Sunan Abī Dāwud, 2:130:
      خَرَجَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ وَعَلَيْهِ حُلَّةٌ حَمْرَاءُ، بُرُودٌ يَمَانِيَّةٌ، قِطْرِيٌّ.‎‎
      ḵaraja rasūli l-lahi ṣallā llāhu ʿalayhi wasallama waʿalayhi ḥullatun ḥamrāʾu, burūdun yamāniyyatun, qiṭriyyun.
      The prophet came out clad in red attire, burūd of Yemen, striped.
Declension[edit]
References[edit]
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979), “բուրդ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Armenian Etymological Dictionary] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, a reprint of the original 1926–1935 seven-volume edition, Yerevan: University Press
  • Fīrūzābādī (1834) Al-uqiyānūs al-basīt[1], volume I, translated from Arabic into Ottoman Turkish by Aḥmad ʻĀṣim, 2nd edition, Constantinople, page 574

Bakhtiari[edit]

Noun[edit]

برد (bard)

  1. stone

South Levantine Arabic[edit]

Root
ب ر د

Etymology 1[edit]

From Arabic بَرَدَ(barada).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ba.rad/, [ˈba.rad]
  • (file)

Verb[edit]

برد (barad) (form I, present ببرد(bobrod), active participle بارد(bāred))

  1. (intransitive) to become cold, to cool down
    اشرب القهوة قبل ما تبرد.‎‎
    išrab il-ʔahwe ʔabel mā tobrod.
    Drink the coffee before it gets cold.
  2. to catch a cold
    Synonym: رشّح(raššaḥ)
Conjugation[edit]
    Conjugation of برد (barad)
singular plural
1st person 2nd person 3rd person 1st person 2nd person 3rd person
past m بردت (baradt) بردت (baradt) برد (barad) بردنا (baradna) بردتو (baradtu) بردو (baradu)
f بردتي (baradti) بردت (bardat)
present m ببرد (babrod) بتبرد (btobrod) ببرد (bobrod) منبرد (mnobrod) بتبردو (btobrodu) ببردو (bobrodu)
f بتبردي (btobrodi) بتبرد (btobrod)
subjunctive m أبرد (ʔabrod) تبرد (tobrod) يبرد (yobrod) نبرد (nobrod) تبردو (tobrodu) يبردو (yobrodu)
f تبردي (tobrodi) تبرد (tobrod)
imperative m ابرد (obrod) ابردو (obrodu)
f ابردي (obrodi)
See also[edit]
Temperature · حرارة(ḥarāra)
Cold Warm Hot Hot (Weather) Very Hot
Noun برد(bard) دفا(dafa) حرّ(ḥarr) شوب(šōb) حمّ(ḥamm)
Verb برد(barad) دفي(difi) سخن(saḵan) شوّب(šawwab) حمي(ḥimi)
Adjective بارد(bāred) دافي(dāfi) سخن(suḵn), حارّ(ḥārr) مشوّب(mšawweb) حامي(ḥāmi)
Feeling بردان(bardān) دفيان(dafyān) شوبان(šōbān) حميان(ḥamyān)

Etymology 2[edit]

From Arabic بَرَّدَ(barrada).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /bar.rad/, [ˈbar.rad]
  • (file)

Verb[edit]

برّد (barrad) (form II, present ببرّد(bibarred))

  1. (transitive) to cool down
    Antonyms: سخّن(saḵḵan), دفّى(daffa)
Conjugation[edit]
    Conjugation of برّد (barrad)
singular plural
1st person 2nd person 3rd person 1st person 2nd person 3rd person
past m برّدت (barradt) برّدت (barradt) برّد (barrad) برّدنا (barradna) برّدتو (barradtu) برّدو (barradu)
f برّدتي (barradti) برّدت (barradat)
present m ببرّد (babarred) بتبرّد (bitbarred) ببرّد (bibarred) منبرّد (minbarred) بتبرّدو (bitbarrdu) ببرّدو (bibarrdu)
f بتبرّدي (bitbarrdi) بتبرّد (bitbarred)
subjunctive m ابرّد (abarred) تبرّد (tbarred) يبرّد (ybarred) نبرّد (nbarred) تبرّدو (tbarrdu) يبرّدو (ybarrdu)
f تبرّدي (tbarrdi) تبرّد (tbarred)
imperative m برّد (barred) برّدو (barrdu)
f برّدي (barrdi)

Etymology 3[edit]

From Arabic بَرْد(bard).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

برد (bardm

  1. cold
    الدنيا برد.‎‎ ― id-dinya bardIt's cold. (literally, “The world is cold.”)
  2. a cold (illness)
    Synonym: رشح(rašḥ)
See also[edit]
Temperature · حرارة(ḥarāra)
Cold Warm Hot Hot (Weather) Very Hot
Noun برد(bard) دفا(dafa) حرّ(ḥarr) شوب(šōb) حمّ(ḥamm)
Verb برد(barad) دفي(difi) سخن(saḵan) شوّب(šawwab) حمي(ḥimi)
Adjective بارد(bāred) دافي(dāfi) سخن(suḵn), حارّ(ḥārr) مشوّب(mšawweb) حامي(ḥāmi)
Feeling بردان(bardān) دفيان(dafyān) شوبان(šōbān) حميان(ḥamyān)

Etymology 4[edit]

From Arabic بَرَد(barad).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ba.rad/, [ˈba.rad]
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

برد (baradm

  1. hail
    عم بتشتّي برد.‎‎
    ʕam bitšatti barad
    It's hailing.
    (literally, “It's raining hail.”)
    نازل برد.‎‎
    nāzel barad
    It's hailing.
    (literally, “Hail is falling.”)