دنيا

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See also: دنیا

Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the root د ن و(d-n-w) or د ن ي(d-n-y). Feminine elative of أَدْنَى(ʾadnā, lower). دُنيَا(world) is originally the "lower place" (as opposed to heaven, the "higher place"); compare English here below.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

دُنْيَا (dunyāf

  1. feminine singular of أَدْنَى(ʾadnā, lower)

Noun[edit]

دُنْيَا (dunyāf (dual دُنْيَيَان(dunyayān), plural دُنًا(dunan) or دُنًى(dunan) or دُنْيَيَات(dunyayāt))

  1. this mortal life; life in this world
    • 609–632 C.E., Qur'an, 3:145:
      وَمَن يُرِدْ ثَوَابَ ٱلدُّنْيَا نُؤْتِهِ مِنْهَا وَمَن يُرِدْ ثَوَابَ ٱلْآخِرَةِ نُؤْتِهِ مِنْهَا ۚ وَسَنَجْزِي ٱلشَّاكِرِينَ
      waman yurid ṯawāba d-dunyā nuʾtihi minhā waman yurid ṯawāba l-ʾāḵirati nuʾtihi minhā wasanajzī š-šākirīna
      And whoever desires the reward of this world - We will give him thereof; and whoever desires the reward of the Hereafter - We will give him thereof. And We will reward the grateful.
  2. world (the Earth, or any this-worldly habitat, excluding the next world)

Declension[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

From الدُّنْيَا‎ (ad-dunyā):

References[edit]

  • Wehr, Hans (1979), “دنو”, in J. Milton Cowan, editor, A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic, 4th edition, Ithaca, NY: Spoken Language Services, →ISBN

Gujarati[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Persian دنیا(donyâ) from Arabic دُنْيَا(dunyā), or from Arabic directly.

Noun[edit]

دنيا (دنياf (Standard Gujarati દુનિયા)

  1. (Lisan ud-Dawat) world, universe

Moroccan Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic دُنْيَا(dunyā).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /dun.ja/, /din.ja/
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

دُنيا or دِنيا (dunya or dinyaf (plural دُنيات(dunyāt) or دِنيات(dinyāt))

  1. world, earth
    Synonym: عالم(ʕālam)
    هاد الراجل هو أسرع واحد فهاد الدنيا
    hād er-rājel huwwa ʔasraʕ wāḥed f-hād ed-dunya
    This man is the fastest in the world.
  2. it; things; everything; used to refer to general states and circumstances
    الدنيا مغيمة غدا‎ ― ed-dunya mḡayyma ḡaddaIt'll be cloudy tomorrow.
    الدنيا عامرة اليوم فهاد المحال‎ ― ed-dunya ʕāmra f-hād el-maḥālThis store is crowded today.

South Levantine Arabic[edit]

Root
د ن و

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic دُنْيَا(dunyā). Equivalent to the feminine elative of أدنى(ʔadna, lower, lowest).

Noun[edit]

دنيا (dinyaf

  1. world
    Synonym: عالم(ʕālam)
  2. this world (opposed to the hereafter)
    Antonym: آخرة(ʾāḵre)
  3. it (dummy subject for the weather and seasons)

Usage notes[edit]

  • When describing the weather, الدنيا (id-dinya) is followed by a noun rather than an adjective.
    الدنيا شوب.‎‎
    id-dinya šōb.
    It's hot (outside).
    (literally, “The world is heat.”)
  • When used with a verb الدنيا (id-dinya) is optional, but the verb remains in the 3rd person feminine singular.
    (الدنيا) عم بتشتي.‎‎
    (id-dinya) ʕam bitšatti.
    It's raining.