rima

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See also: riima, RIMA, Rima, rimá, rimà, rīma, and rimă

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Latin rīma (a cleft, crack, fissure, chink).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

rima (plural rimae)

  1. (anatomy) A cleft or gap between two symmetrical parts, particularly between the vocal folds.
    Hyponyms: rima glottidis, rima vestibuli
  2. (astronomy) A crack or fissure on a lunar or planetary surface; a rille.
    • 2006, Tammy Plotner, Jeff Barbour, What's Up 2006: 365 Days of Skywatching, page 128:
      Look for three prominent interior craters, as well as an ancient rima falling near the shadow's edge.

Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

etymologically unrelated terms containing the word "rima" (derived from Italian)

Anagrams[edit]

Catalan[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: ri‧ma
  • Rhymes: -ima

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Occitan rima, from rim (verse), from Latin rhythmus.

Noun[edit]

rima f (plural rimes)

  1. rhyme
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Uncertain. Related to arrimar.

Noun[edit]

rima f (plural rimes)

  1. stack, heap
    Synonym: pila

Etymology 3[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb[edit]

rima

  1. inflection of rimar:
    1. third-person singular present indicative
    2. second-person singular imperative

Further reading[edit]

Finnish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Proto-Norse [Term?] (compare Old Norse rim (slat)).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈrimɑ/, [ˈrimɑ̝]
  • Rhymes: -imɑ
  • Syllabification(key): ri‧ma

Noun[edit]

rima

  1. lath (thin grade of lumber)
  2. (sports) bar (the beam to be cleared in the high jump and pole vault)
  3. (figurative) bar (from sports use)
    laskea rimaato lower the bar
    rimaa hipoenbarely, only just

Declension[edit]

Inflection of rima (Kotus type 9/kala, no gradation)
nominative rima rimat
genitive riman rimojen
partitive rimaa rimoja
illative rimaan rimoihin
singular plural
nominative rima rimat
accusative nom. rima rimat
gen. riman
genitive riman rimojen
rimainrare
partitive rimaa rimoja
inessive rimassa rimoissa
elative rimasta rimoista
illative rimaan rimoihin
adessive rimalla rimoilla
ablative rimalta rimoilta
allative rimalle rimoille
essive rimana rimoina
translative rimaksi rimoiksi
abessive rimatta rimoitta
instructive rimoin
comitative See the possessive forms below.
Possessive forms of rima (Kotus type 9/kala, no gradation)
first-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative rimani rimani
accusative nom. rimani rimani
gen. rimani
genitive rimani rimojeni
rimainirare
partitive rimaani rimojani
inessive rimassani rimoissani
elative rimastani rimoistani
illative rimaani rimoihini
adessive rimallani rimoillani
ablative rimaltani rimoiltani
allative rimalleni rimoilleni
essive rimanani rimoinani
translative rimakseni rimoikseni
abessive rimattani rimoittani
instructive
comitative rimoineni
second-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative rimasi rimasi
accusative nom. rimasi rimasi
gen. rimasi
genitive rimasi rimojesi
rimaisirare
partitive rimaasi rimojasi
inessive rimassasi rimoissasi
elative rimastasi rimoistasi
illative rimaasi rimoihisi
adessive rimallasi rimoillasi
ablative rimaltasi rimoiltasi
allative rimallesi rimoillesi
essive rimanasi rimoinasi
translative rimaksesi rimoiksesi
abessive rimattasi rimoittasi
instructive
comitative rimoinesi
first-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative rimamme rimamme
accusative nom. rimamme rimamme
gen. rimamme
genitive rimamme rimojemme
rimaimmerare
partitive rimaamme rimojamme
inessive rimassamme rimoissamme
elative rimastamme rimoistamme
illative rimaamme rimoihimme
adessive rimallamme rimoillamme
ablative rimaltamme rimoiltamme
allative rimallemme rimoillemme
essive rimanamme rimoinamme
translative rimaksemme rimoiksemme
abessive rimattamme rimoittamme
instructive
comitative rimoinemme
second-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative rimanne rimanne
accusative nom. rimanne rimanne
gen. rimanne
genitive rimanne rimojenne
rimainnerare
partitive rimaanne rimojanne
inessive rimassanne rimoissanne
elative rimastanne rimoistanne
illative rimaanne rimoihinne
adessive rimallanne rimoillanne
ablative rimaltanne rimoiltanne
allative rimallenne rimoillenne
essive rimananne rimoinanne
translative rimaksenne rimoiksenne
abessive rimattanne rimoittanne
instructive
comitative rimoinenne
third-person possessor
singular plural
nominative rimansa rimansa
accusative nom. rimansa rimansa
gen. rimansa
genitive rimansa rimojensa
rimainsarare
partitive rimaansa rimojaan
rimojansa
inessive rimassaan
rimassansa
rimoissaan
rimoissansa
elative rimastaan
rimastansa
rimoistaan
rimoistansa
illative rimaansa rimoihinsa
adessive rimallaan
rimallansa
rimoillaan
rimoillansa
ablative rimaltaan
rimaltansa
rimoiltaan
rimoiltansa
allative rimalleen
rimallensa
rimoilleen
rimoillensa
essive rimanaan
rimanansa
rimoinaan
rimoinansa
translative rimakseen
rimaksensa
rimoikseen
rimoiksensa
abessive rimattaan
rimattansa
rimoittaan
rimoittansa
instructive
comitative rimoineen
rimoinensa

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ʁi.ma/
  • (file)

Verb[edit]

rima

  1. third-person singular past historic of rimer

Anagrams[edit]

Galician[edit]

Rima (stack of firewood)

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Obscure. Perhaps from Proto-Celtic *rīmā (number) or from Proto-Germanic *rīmą (number, calculation), both from Proto-Indo-European *h₂rey- (to regulate, count).[1]

Noun[edit]

rima f (plural rimas)

  1. an ordered pile; in particular a stack of firewood
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Documented since the 13th century; probably from Old Occitan or from Old French. See proposed etymologies under rhyme.

Noun[edit]

rima f (plural rimas)

  1. rhyme

References[edit]

  • rima” in Dicionario de Dicionarios do galego medieval, SLI - ILGA 2006–2022.
  • rima” in Dicionario de Dicionarios da lingua galega, SLI - ILGA 2006–2013.
  • rima” in Álvarez, Rosario (coord.): Tesouro do léxico patrimonial galego e portugués, Santiago de Compostela: Instituto da Lingua Galega.

Hungarian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈrimɒ]
  • Hyphenation: ri‧ma
  • Rhymes: -mɒ

Noun[edit]

rima (plural rimák)

  1. (literary, offensive) harlot
    See synonyms at kurva.

Declension[edit]

Inflection (stem in long/high vowel, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative rima rimák
accusative rimát rimákat
dative rimának rimáknak
instrumental rimával rimákkal
causal-final rimáért rimákért
translative rimává rimákká
terminative rimáig rimákig
essive-formal rimaként rimákként
essive-modal
inessive rimában rimákban
superessive rimán rimákon
adessive rimánál rimáknál
illative rimába rimákba
sublative rimára rimákra
allative rimához rimákhoz
elative rimából rimákból
delative rimáról rimákról
ablative rimától rimáktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
rimáé rimáké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
rimáéi rimákéi
Possessive forms of rima
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. rimám rimáim
2nd person sing. rimád rimáid
3rd person sing. rimája rimái
1st person plural rimánk rimáink
2nd person plural rimátok rimáitok
3rd person plural rimájuk rimáik

Further reading[edit]

  • rima in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (‘The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’, abbr.: ÉrtSz.). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN

Italian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈri.ma/
  • Rhymes: -ima
  • Hyphenation: rì‧ma

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from Old French rime, from a Germanic word cognate with Old English rīm (counting).

Noun[edit]

rima f (plural rime)

  1. rhyme
  2. (in the plural) verses
  3. (anatomy) rima
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

rima

  1. inflection of rimare:
    1. third-person singular present indicative
    2. second-person singular imperative

Anagrams[edit]

Jamamadí[edit]

Adverb[edit]

rima

  1. (Banawá) often

References[edit]

Kanakanabu[edit]

Kanakanabu cardinal numbers
 <  4 5 6  > 
    Cardinal : rima

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Numeral[edit]

rima

  1. five

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *reyH-meh₂, from *reyH- (to tear, cut). Akin to Latvian riewa (furrow, fold, cleft) and Lithuanian rieva (hill, chasm).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

rīma f (genitive rīmae); first declension

  1. a cleft, crack, fissure, chink
  2. (vulgar) the vulva, female genitalia

Inflection[edit]

First-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative rīma rīmae
Genitive rīmae rīmārum
Dative rīmae rīmīs
Accusative rīmam rīmās
Ablative rīmā rīmīs
Vocative rīma rīmae

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • English: rima, rima glottidis

References[edit]

  • rima”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • rima”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • rima in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • rima in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[2], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • the house walls are beginning to crack: domus rimas agit
  1. ^ Zair, Nicholas (2012) The reflexes of the Proto-Indo-European laryngeals in Celtic, Leiden: Brill, →ISBN

Anagrams[edit]

Maori[edit]

Maori cardinal numbers
 <  4 5 6  > 
    Cardinal : rima

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Polynesian *lima (compare with Hawaiian lima), from Proto-Oceanic *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima (compare with Malay lima), from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Numeral[edit]

rima

  1. five

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

rima n pl

  1. definite plural of rim

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Noun[edit]

rima n

  1. definite plural of rim

Old English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-West Germanic *rimō, from Proto-Germanic *rimô, possibly from Proto-Indo-European *rem-, *remə- (to rest, support, be based). Cognate with Middle Low German remme, Old West Norse rimi (Norwegian rime), Old Saxon rimi (edge; border; trim), Icelandic rimi (a strip of land).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

rima m (nominative plural riman)

  1. edge; rim; border
  2. bank (of a river, stream, etc.)
  3. coast

Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Old Occitan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Medieval Latin rithmus, rhythmus.

Noun[edit]

rima f (oblique plural rimas, nominative singular rima, nominative plural rimas)

  1. rhyme; verse (poetry)

Portuguese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

 

  • Hyphenation: ri‧ma

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from French rime, from Old French rime, ultimately from Proto-Germanic *rīmą.

Noun[edit]

rima f (plural rimas)

  1. rhyme

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb[edit]

rima

  1. inflection of rimar:
    1. third-person singular present indicative
    2. second-person singular imperative

Rapa Nui[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈɾi.ma/
  • Hyphenation: ri‧ma

Etymology 1[edit]

Rapa Nui cardinal numbers
 <  4 5 6  > 
    Cardinal : rima
    Compound form : pae

From Proto-Polynesian *lima. Cognates include Hawaiian lima and Maori rima.

Numeral[edit]

rima

  1. five

Etymology 2[edit]

Te rima (2).

From Proto-Polynesian *lima. Cognates include Hawaiian lima and Maori rima.

Noun[edit]

rima

  1. hand, arm

References[edit]

  • Veronica Du Feu (1996) Rapanui (Descriptive Grammars), Routledge, →ISBN, pages 51, 79
  • Paulus Kieviet (2017) A grammar of Rapa Nui[3], Berlin: Language Science Press, →ISBN, page 147

Rarotongan[edit]

Rarotongan cardinal numbers
 <  4 5 6  > 
    Cardinal : rima

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Polynesian *rima, from Proto-Oceanic *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Numeral[edit]

rima

  1. five

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from French rimer.

Verb[edit]

a rima (third-person singular present rimează, past participle rimat) 1st conj.

  1. (intransitive) to rhyme (of two words, whose final syllables are the same)

Conjugation[edit]

Rwanda-Rundi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Bantu *-dɪ̀ma.

Verb[edit]

-rima (infinitive kurima, perfective -rimye)

  1. cultivate
    Synonym: -hinga

Derived terms[edit]

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Italian rima.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /rǐːma/
  • Hyphenation: ri‧ma

Noun[edit]

ríma f (Cyrillic spelling ри́ма)

  1. rhyme
    Synonym: srok

Declension[edit]

Shona[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Bantu *-dɪ̀ma.

Verb[edit]

-rima (infinitive kurima)

  1. cultivate

Derived terms[edit]

Slovene[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /rìːma/, /ríːma/

Noun[edit]

rīma f

  1. rhyme (word that rhymes with another)

Inflection[edit]

The diacritics used in this section of the entry are non-tonal. If you are a native tonal speaker, please help by adding the tonal marks.
Feminine, a-stem
nom. sing. ríma
gen. sing. ríme
singular dual plural
nominative
(imenovȃlnik)
ríma rími ríme
genitive
(rodȋlnik)
ríme rím rím
dative
(dajȃlnik)
rími rímama rímam
accusative
(tožȋlnik)
rímo rími ríme
locative
(mẹ̑stnik)
rími rímah rímah
instrumental
(orọ̑dnik)
rímo rímama rímami

Further reading[edit]

  • rima”, in Slovarji Inštituta za slovenski jezik Frana Ramovša ZRC SAZU, portal Fran

Spanish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈrima/ [ˈri.ma]
  • Rhymes: -ima
  • Syllabification: ri‧ma

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Occitan rima (verse).

Noun[edit]

rima f (plural rimas)

  1. rhyme
  2. consonance
    rima imperfectaassonance
    media rimaassonance
  3. (in the plural) poems, poetry
  4. heap, pile

Etymology 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

rima

  1. inflection of rimar:
    1. third-person singular present indicative
    2. second-person singular imperative

Further reading[edit]

Tahitian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Oceanic *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Noun[edit]

rima

  1. (anatomy) hand (part of the body)

Thao[edit]

Thao cardinal numbers
 <  4 5 6  > 
    Cardinal : rima

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Numeral[edit]

rima

  1. five

Synonyms[edit]

Noun[edit]

rima

  1. (anatomy) hand

Vilamovian[edit]

rima

Etymology[edit]

From Middle High German rieme, from Old High German riomo, from Proto-West Germanic *reumō.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

rīma m (plural rima)

  1. belt (band worn around the waist)
  2. strap