kurva

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See also: kùrva, kurwa, kùrwa, and курва

Albanian[edit]

Noun[edit]

kurva f

  1. definite nominative singular of kurvë
  2. definite accusative singular of kurvë
  3. indefinite nominative plural of kurvë

Czech[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Old Czech kurva, from Proto-Slavic *kury.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈkurva]
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: kur‧va

Noun[edit]

kurva f

  1. (vulgar) whore (prostitute)
    Synonyms: děvka, šlapka, běhna, prostitutka, nevěstka

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Interjection[edit]

kurva

  1. (vulgar) damn, shit, fuck
    Synonyms: sakryš, zatraceně, proklatě, do hajzlu, do piče, do prdele, sakra

Further reading[edit]

  • kurva in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • kurva in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989
  • kurva in Internetová jazyková příručka

Estonian[edit]

Adjective[edit]

kurva

  1. genitive singular of kurb

Finnish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈkurʋɑ/, [ˈkurʋɑ̝]
  • Rhymes: -urʋɑ
  • Syllabification(key): kur‧va

Etymology 1[edit]

See the entry for the lemma form.

Noun[edit]

kurva (colloquial)

  1. Alternative form of kurvi
Declension[edit]
Inflection of kurva (Kotus type 10/koira, no gradation)
nominative kurva kurvat
genitive kurvan kurvien
partitive kurvaa kurvia
illative kurvaan kurviin
singular plural
nominative kurva kurvat
accusative nom. kurva kurvat
gen. kurvan
genitive kurvan kurvien
kurvainrare
partitive kurvaa kurvia
inessive kurvassa kurvissa
elative kurvasta kurvista
illative kurvaan kurviin
adessive kurvalla kurvilla
ablative kurvalta kurvilta
allative kurvalle kurville
essive kurvana kurvina
translative kurvaksi kurviksi
abessive kurvatta kurvitta
instructive kurvin
comitative See the possessive forms below.
Possessive forms of kurva (Kotus type 10/koira, no gradation)
first-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative kurvani kurvani
accusative nom. kurvani kurvani
gen. kurvani
genitive kurvani kurvieni
kurvainirare
partitive kurvaani kurviani
inessive kurvassani kurvissani
elative kurvastani kurvistani
illative kurvaani kurviini
adessive kurvallani kurvillani
ablative kurvaltani kurviltani
allative kurvalleni kurvilleni
essive kurvanani kurvinani
translative kurvakseni kurvikseni
abessive kurvattani kurvittani
instructive
comitative kurvineni
second-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative kurvasi kurvasi
accusative nom. kurvasi kurvasi
gen. kurvasi
genitive kurvasi kurviesi
kurvaisirare
partitive kurvaasi kurviasi
inessive kurvassasi kurvissasi
elative kurvastasi kurvistasi
illative kurvaasi kurviisi
adessive kurvallasi kurvillasi
ablative kurvaltasi kurviltasi
allative kurvallesi kurvillesi
essive kurvanasi kurvinasi
translative kurvaksesi kurviksesi
abessive kurvattasi kurvittasi
instructive
comitative kurvinesi
first-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative kurvamme kurvamme
accusative nom. kurvamme kurvamme
gen. kurvamme
genitive kurvamme kurviemme
kurvaimmerare
partitive kurvaamme kurviamme
inessive kurvassamme kurvissamme
elative kurvastamme kurvistamme
illative kurvaamme kurviimme
adessive kurvallamme kurvillamme
ablative kurvaltamme kurviltamme
allative kurvallemme kurvillemme
essive kurvanamme kurvinamme
translative kurvaksemme kurviksemme
abessive kurvattamme kurvittamme
instructive
comitative kurvinemme
second-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative kurvanne kurvanne
accusative nom. kurvanne kurvanne
gen. kurvanne
genitive kurvanne kurvienne
kurvainnerare
partitive kurvaanne kurvianne
inessive kurvassanne kurvissanne
elative kurvastanne kurvistanne
illative kurvaanne kurviinne
adessive kurvallanne kurvillanne
ablative kurvaltanne kurviltanne
allative kurvallenne kurvillenne
essive kurvananne kurvinanne
translative kurvaksenne kurviksenne
abessive kurvattanne kurvittanne
instructive
comitative kurvinenne
third-person possessor
singular plural
nominative kurvansa kurvansa
accusative nom. kurvansa kurvansa
gen. kurvansa
genitive kurvansa kurviensa
kurvainsarare
partitive kurvaansa kurviaan
kurviansa
inessive kurvassaan
kurvassansa
kurvissaan
kurvissansa
elative kurvastaan
kurvastansa
kurvistaan
kurvistansa
illative kurvaansa kurviinsa
adessive kurvallaan
kurvallansa
kurvillaan
kurvillansa
ablative kurvaltaan
kurvaltansa
kurviltaan
kurviltansa
allative kurvalleen
kurvallensa
kurvilleen
kurvillensa
essive kurvanaan
kurvanansa
kurvinaan
kurvinansa
translative kurvakseen
kurvaksensa
kurvikseen
kurviksensa
abessive kurvattaan
kurvattansa
kurvittaan
kurvittansa
instructive
comitative kurvineen
kurvinensa

Further reading[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Russian курва (kurva) or an earlier form of it.

Noun[edit]

kurva (dialectal, derogatory)

  1. slut, whore (irreputable or promiscuous woman)
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Variant of the synonymous dialectal kurvi, possibly also related to kuore.

Noun[edit]

kurva (dialectal)

  1. smelt, sparling (Osmerus eperlanus)
Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  • kurva”, in Suomen murteiden sanakirja [Dictionary of Finnish Dialects] (online dictionary, incomplete, continuously updated, in Finnish), Helsinki: Kotimaisten kielten keskus (Institute for the Languages of Finland), 2022.

Hungarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From a Slavic language; compare Proto-Slavic *kury.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈkurvɒ]
  • Hyphenation: kur‧va
  • Rhymes: -vɒ

Noun[edit]

kurva (plural kurvák)

  1. (vulgar) a hooker, whore, prostitute, bitch

Declension[edit]

Inflection (stem in long/high vowel, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative kurva kurvák
accusative kurvát kurvákat
dative kurvának kurváknak
instrumental kurvával kurvákkal
causal-final kurváért kurvákért
translative kurvává kurvákká
terminative kurváig kurvákig
essive-formal kurvaként kurvákként
essive-modal
inessive kurvában kurvákban
superessive kurván kurvákon
adessive kurvánál kurváknál
illative kurvába kurvákba
sublative kurvára kurvákra
allative kurvához kurvákhoz
elative kurvából kurvákból
delative kurváról kurvákról
ablative kurvától kurváktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
kurváé kurváké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
kurváéi kurvákéi
Possessive forms of kurva
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. kurvám kurváim
2nd person sing. kurvád kurváid
3rd person sing. kurvája kurvái
1st person plural kurvánk kurváink
2nd person plural kurvátok kurváitok
3rd person plural kurvájuk kurváik

Synonyms[edit]

in the sense “prostitute”

Derived terms[edit]

Expressions

Adjective[edit]

kurva

  1. (vulgar, slang) used as an intensifier: goddamn, fucking, damn
    Mikor javítják már meg ezt a kurva utat?When will they repair this damn road?

Derived terms[edit]

Adverb[edit]

kurva

  1. (vulgar, slang) very, terribly, as fuck (to a great extent)
    Most már tényleg kurva mérges vagyok.Now I’m really mad [angry] as f*ck.

Usage notes[edit]

This word is not used in Hungarian as an interjection on its own like its cognates in West Slavic languages (Czech kurva, Slovak kurva, Polish kurwa).

Further reading[edit]

  • kurva in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (‘The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’, abbr.: ÉrtSz.). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN

Ido[edit]

Adjective[edit]

kurva

  1. curved, bent

Indonesian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Learned borrowing from Latin curva, curvus.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈkʊrva]
  • Hyphenation: kur‧va

Noun[edit]

kurva (plural kurva-kurva, first-person possessive kurvaku, second-person possessive kurvamu, third-person possessive kurvanya)

  1. curve

Further reading[edit]

Ingrian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Russian курва (kurva).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

kurva

  1. (vulgar) whore, slut

Declension[edit]

Declension of kurva (type 3/koira, no gradation)
singular plural
nominative kurva kurvat
genitive kurvan kurviin
partitive kurvaa kurvia
illative kurvaa kurvii
inessive kurvaas kurviis
elative kurvast kurvist
allative kurvalle kurville
adessive kurvaal kurviil
ablative kurvalt kurvilt
translative kurvaks kurviks
essive kurvanna, kurvaan kurvinna, kurviin
exessive1) kurvant kurvint
1) obsolete
*) the accusative corresponds with either the genitive (sg) or nominative (pl)
**) the comitative is formed by adding the suffix -ka? or -kä? to the genitive.

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Ruben E. Nirvi (1971) Inkeroismurteiden Sanakirja, Helsinki: Suomalais-Ugrilainen Seura, page 222

Karelian[edit]

Regional variants of kurva
North Karelian
(Viena)
kurva
South Karelian
(Tver)
kurva

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Russian курва (kurva), compare Ingrian kurva, Livvi kurvu and Veps kurv.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈkurʋɑ/
  • Hyphenation: kur‧va

Noun[edit]

kurva (genitive kurvan, partitive kurvua)

  1. (vulgar) whore, slut

Declension[edit]

Viena Karelian declension of kurva (type 5/koira, no gradation)
singular plural
nominative kurva kurvat
genitive kurvan kurvien
partitive kurvua kurvie
illative kurvah kurvih
inessive kurvašša kurvissa
elative kurvašta kurvista
adessive kurvalla kurvilla
ablative kurvalta kurvilta
translative kurvakši kurviksi
essive kurvana kurvina
comitative kurvineh
abessive kurvatta kurvitta
Tver Karelian declension of kurva (type 5/koira no gradation)
singular plural
nominative kurva kurvat
genitive kurvan kurvin
partitive kurvua kurvie
illative kurvah kurvih
inessive kurvašša kurvissa
elative kurvašta kurvista
adessive kurvalla kurvilla
ablative kurvalda kurvilda
translative kurvakši kurviksi
essive kurvana kurvina
comitative kurvanke kurvinke
abessive kurvatta kurvitta
Possessive forms of kurva
1st person kurvani
2nd person kurvaš
3rd person kurvah
*) Possessive forms are very rare for adjectives and only used in substantivised clauses.

References[edit]

  • A. V. Punzhina (1994), “kurva”, in Словарь карельского языка (тверские говоры) [Dictionary of the Karelian language (Tver dialects)], →ISBN
  • Pertti Virtaranta; Raija Koponen (2009), “kurva”, in Marja Torikka, editor, Karjalan kielen sanakirja, Helsinki: Kotus, →ISSN

Latvian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Compare Latvian kurva.

Pronunciation[edit]

This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!
This entry needs an audio pronunciation. If you are a native speaker with a microphone, please record this word. The recorded pronunciation will appear here when it's ready.

Interjection[edit]

kurva

  1. (vulgar) fuck
    Cilvēks, kurva.
    Man, fuck.

Lithuanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Possibly from Polish kurwa.

Pronunciation[edit]

This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!
This entry needs an audio pronunciation. If you are a native speaker with a microphone, please record this word. The recorded pronunciation will appear here when it's ready.

Interjection[edit]

kurva

  1. (vulgar) Fuck!
    Ir jie sako: "O, kurva!
    And they're like, " Aw, fuck!
    Ne, tai nepyk bet bliat, kad kūrva tu ir keista, nachui!
    No the thing is, don't you be angry on me but blood, slut you are so much weird, on dick.
  2. (vulgar) intensifier
    Eik tu kurva!
    Get the fuck out!
  3. (vulgar) filler
    Atsiprašau, aš esu viceprezidentas, tu kurva debilas.
    Excuse me, I'm the vice president, you fucking asshole.

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Noun[edit]

kurva f sg

  1. definite singular of kurve

Old Czech[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *kury.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): (13th CE) /ˈkurʋa/
  • IPA(key): (15th CE) /ˈkurva/

Noun[edit]

kurva f

  1. whore, slut
    Synonyms: nevěstka, ženima, vilnicě
  2. bitch
    (z) kurvy synson of a bitch

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Czech: kurva

Further reading[edit]

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *kury.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

kȗrva f (Cyrillic spelling ку̑рва, augmentative kurvètina, relational adjective kùrvīnskī)

  1. (vulgar) whore, prostitute
  2. (vulgar) bitch, slut

Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • kurva” in Hrvatski jezični portal

Slovak[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *kury.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

kurva f (genitive singular kurvy, nominative plural kurvy, genitive plural kuriev, declension pattern of žena)

  1. (vulgar) prostitute, whore, hooker, slut
    Synonyms: cundra, prostitútka, šľapka, štetka, pobehlica, pľundra, švandra, trcľa, filcka
  2. (vulgar) fake friend, conman, liar, knave
    Synonyms: ojebávač, hajzeľ, podliak, falošník

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Interjection[edit]

kurva

  1. (vulgar) fuck, shit
    Synonyms: do piče, doriti, tristo hrmených

Further reading[edit]

  • kurva”, in Slovníkový portál Jazykovedného ústavu Ľ. Štúra SAV [Dictionary portal of the Ľ. Štúr Institute of Linguistics, Slovak Academy of Science] (in Slovak), https://slovnik.juls.savba.sk, 2024

Slovene[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *kury.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

kȗrva f

  1. (vulgar, dialectal) Alternative form of kúrba

Inflection[edit]

The diacritics used in this section of the entry are non-tonal. If you are a native tonal speaker, please help by adding the tonal marks.
Feminine, a-stem
nom. sing. kúrva
gen. sing. kúrve
singular dual plural
nominative
(imenovȃlnik)
kúrva kúrvi kúrve
genitive
(rodȋlnik)
kúrve kúrv kúrv
dative
(dajȃlnik)
kúrvi kúrvama kúrvam
accusative
(tožȋlnik)
kúrvo kúrvi kúrve
locative
(mẹ̑stnik)
kúrvi kúrvah kúrvah
instrumental
(orọ̑dnik)
kúrvo kúrvama kúrvami

Swedish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (pronunciation spelling) kôrva

Etymology[edit]

From Latin curvus. Compare English curve and Danish kurve.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

kurva c

  1. curve, arc
  2. a bend of a road

Declension[edit]

Declension of kurva 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative kurva kurvan kurvor kurvorna
Genitive kurvas kurvans kurvors kurvornas

Further reading[edit]