sarma

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See also: Sarma, särmä, sârmă, šarma, and sarmā

English[edit]

Sarma

Etymology 1[edit]

From Ottoman Turkishصرمه(sarma).

Noun[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

sarma (plural sarmas)

  1. A dumpling of minced meat and other ingredients wrapped in a leaf (grape or cabbage); the Turkish equivalent of dolma.
Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Russian сарма́ (sarmá).

Noun[edit]

sarma (uncountable)

  1. A strong, cold wind that blows down the valley of the Sarma river (which acts as a natural wind tunnel), reaching hurricane strength (uprooting trees) by the time it blows across the western shore and into Lake Baikal.
    • 2011, Michael D. O'Brien, The Father's Tale: A Novel, Ignatius Press, →ISBN, page 749:
      “You see how the wind has pressed it into a hard layer?” “The sarma did it!” one of the children told Alex. “The sarma wind is mighty. It's so strong it turns ships upside down.” “Ah, that's something I didn't know. Well, we can thank the sarma for making excellent material for us." "The mountain hides our homes from the sarma," said another.

Anagrams[edit]

Latvian[edit]

 sarma on Latvian Wikipedia
Sarmas klāti koki

Pronunciation[edit]

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Noun[edit]

sarma f (4th declension)

  1. frost (thin ice crystals that form on plant leaves, twigs, or also on wires, cables, etc. when the air temperature is below the freezing point)
    sarmas klāti kokifrost-covered trees
    graudainā sarmagranulous frost
    kristāliskā sarmacrystal frost
  2. (figuratively) gray hair, graying hair
    sarma matosgray (lit. frost) in the hair

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

See also[edit]

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Ottoman Turkishصرمه(sarma).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)

Noun[edit]

sarma f (plural sarmale)

  1. stuffed cabbage roll

Declension[edit]

See also[edit]

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Serbo-Croatian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia sh

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Ottoman Turkishصرمه(sarma).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sàrma f (Cyrillic spelling са̀рма)

  1. a type of food from meat rolled with leaves

Declension[edit]

Turkish[edit]

Turkish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia tr
Sarma made with grapevine leaves.

Etymology 1[edit]

Inherited from Ottoman Turkishصارمه(ṣarma),[1] from Proto-Turkic *saru- (to wind around),[2][3] morphologically sar- +‎ -ma (verbal noun suffix).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /saɾˈma/
  • Hyphenation: sar‧ma

Noun[edit]

sarma (definite accusative sarmayı, plural sarmalar)

  1. verbal noun of sarmak
  2. Any dish made by rolling up vine, cabbage or chard leaves with rice-based stuffing.
  3. A handmade cigarette; a rollup.
  4. A chicken thigh.
    Synonym: taleks
  5. (wrestling) A king of leg clasp technique.
Declension[edit]
Inflection
Nominative sarma
Definite accusative sarmayı
Singular Plural
Nominative sarma sarmalar
Definite accusative sarmayı sarmaları
Dative sarmaya sarmalara
Locative sarmada sarmalarda
Ablative sarmadan sarmalardan
Genitive sarmanın sarmaların
Possessive forms
Nominative
Singular Plural
1st singular sarmam sarmalarım
2nd singular sarman sarmaların
3rd singular sarması sarmaları
1st plural sarmamız sarmalarımız
2nd plural sarmanız sarmalarınız
3rd plural sarmaları sarmaları
Definite accusative
Singular Plural
1st singular sarmamı sarmalarımı
2nd singular sarmanı sarmalarını
3rd singular sarmasını sarmalarını
1st plural sarmamızı sarmalarımızı
2nd plural sarmanızı sarmalarınızı
3rd plural sarmalarını sarmalarını
Dative
Singular Plural
1st singular sarmama sarmalarıma
2nd singular sarmana sarmalarına
3rd singular sarmasına sarmalarına
1st plural sarmamıza sarmalarımıza
2nd plural sarmanıza sarmalarınıza
3rd plural sarmalarına sarmalarına
Locative
Singular Plural
1st singular sarmamda sarmalarımda
2nd singular sarmanda sarmalarında
3rd singular sarmasında sarmalarında
1st plural sarmamızda sarmalarımızda
2nd plural sarmanızda sarmalarınızda
3rd plural sarmalarında sarmalarında
Ablative
Singular Plural
1st singular sarmamdan sarmalarımdan
2nd singular sarmandan sarmalarından
3rd singular sarmasından sarmalarından
1st plural sarmamızdan sarmalarımızdan
2nd plural sarmanızdan sarmalarınızdan
3rd plural sarmalarından sarmalarından
Genitive
Singular Plural
1st singular sarmamın sarmalarımın
2nd singular sarmanın sarmalarının
3rd singular sarmasının sarmalarının
1st plural sarmamızın sarmalarımızın
2nd plural sarmanızın sarmalarınızın
3rd plural sarmalarının sarmalarının

Adjective[edit]

sarma

  1. Made by rolling up.
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From sar- +‎ -ma (negation suffix).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

sarma

  1. second-person singular negative imperative of sarmak

References[edit]

  1. ^ Redhouse, James W. (1890), “صارمه”, in A Turkish and English Lexicon, Constantinople: A. H. Boyajian, page 1155
  2. ^ Starostin, Sergei; Dybo, Anna; Mudrak, Oleg (2003), “*sạr-”, in Etymological dictionary of the Altaic languages (Handbuch der Orientalistik; VIII.8), Leiden, New York, Köln: E.J. Brill
  3. ^ Nişanyan, Sevan (2002–), “sar-”, in Nişanyan Sözlük

Further reading[edit]