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From Russian Байка́л ‎(Bajkál, Baikal), from Buryat Байгал нуур ‎(Bajgal nuur, Lake Baikal), perhaps ultimately from the Turkic *bāj ‎(rich), and *köl, *(k)ȫl ‎(lake),[1][2] with reference to the abundance of high-quality salmon in the lake. The Turkic origin is rejected by Vasmer.[3] Native Mongolic origins have also been proposed.


  • (UK) IPA(key): /baɪˈkɑːl/, [baɪˈkɑːɫ]
  • (US) IPA(key): /ˌbaɪˈkɑːl/

Proper noun[edit]


Lake Baikal
  1. A large freshwater lake in southern Siberia, Russia; the deepest lake in the world.

Derived terms[edit]


See also[edit]


  1. ^ 2003, Shepard Krech, Encyclopedia of World Environmental History: F-N[1], Routledge:
  2. ^ Janhunen (1996, 139-41), in: Maria Magdolna Tatár, Köl "lake, flood, source, moor" in Northem Mongolian Hydronyms. Turcological Letters to Bernt Brendemoen, The Institute for Comparative Researchin Human Culture, Oslo 2009. p.329.
  3. ^ Байкал in Max Vasmer (1986), Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkogo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language], in 4 vols (second edition), Moscow: Progress — Translated from German and supplemented by O. N. Trubačóv, volume I, page 107f
  • Baikal in Mathias Bedrossian (1879), New Dictionary Armenian–English, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy


Proper noun[edit]

Baikal m

  1. Alternative spelling of Baical