文書

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Chinese[edit]

 
language; culture; writing; formal; literary; gentle
book; letter
trad. (文書)
simp. (文书)

Pronunciation[edit]


Noun[edit]

文書

  1. document

Derived terms[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
ぶん
Grade: 1
しょ
Grade: 2
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese compound 文書 ‎(*miən *shiu). Compare modern Chinese 文書 ‎(wénshū).

The kan'on reading, so likely a later borrowing. Now the most common reading for this term.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

文書 ‎(hiragana ぶんしょ, romaji bunsho)

  1. a document, a written record
    文書 (ぶんしょ)でお () ()わせください。
    Bunsho de otoiawase kudasai.
    Please contact us in writing.
    物語 (ものがたり) (まる)ごと文書 (ぶんしょ) () ()めた。
    Monogatari o marugoto bunsho ni kakitometa.
    She wrote down the whole story. / She got the whole story down on paper.
  2. a letter, an epistle
    文書 (ぶんしょ)頻繁 (ひんぱん) ()わしていた。
    Bunsho o hinpan ni kawashite ita.
    They frequently exchanged letters.
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
もん
Grade: 1
しょ > じょ
Grade: 2
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese compound 文書 ‎(*miən *shiu), with rendaku for the character. The sho changes to jo due to rendaku (連濁). Compare modern Chinese 文書 ‎(wénshū).

The goon reading, so likely the initial borrowing. Less common reading in modern Japanese.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

文書 ‎(hiragana もんじょ, romaji monjo)

  1. a document
  2. (in palaeography) a written text between two parties
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
もん
Grade: 1

Grade: 2
Irregular

Archaic alteration of monjo above.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Irregular
  • IPA(key): [mõ̞nzo̞]

Noun[edit]

文書 ‎(hiragana もんぞ, romaji monzo)

  1. (archaic) a document
  2. (archaic) (in palaeography) a written text between two parties

Etymology 4[edit]

Kanji in this term
ふみ
Grade: 1
かき > がき
Grade: 2
kun'yomi

Compound of ‎(fumi, writing; a letter, an epistle) +‎ ‎(kaki, writing, the 連用形 ‎(ren'yōkei, stem or continuative form) of verb 書く kaku, “to write”).[2] The kaki changes to gaki due to rendaku (連濁).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

文書 ‎(hiragana ふみがき, romaji fumigaki)

  1. (archaic) the act of writing of a letter or correspondence
  2. (archaic) the writing in a letter or correspondence, especially the style or appearance
    • c. 1001–1014, Genji Monogatari (text here):
      古代なる御文書きなれど
      こだいなるおおむふみがきなれど
      Kodai naru ōmu-fumigaki naredo
      The writing is old-fashioned, but...

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan