元首

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Chinese[edit]

 
(dynasty); dollar; primary; first
 
head; chief; first (occasion); first (thing); measure word for poems
simp. and trad.
(元首)

Pronunciation[edit]


Noun[edit]

元首

  1. head of state (esp. the king/emperor of China)
  2. beginning

Synonyms[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
げん
Grade: 2
しゅ
Grade: 2
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese compound 元首 (ngjwon syuwX, literally first, prime + head).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

元首 (hiragana げんしゅ, romaji genshu)

  1. head of state (the chief public representative of a nation), ruler, sovereign
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
もと
Grade: 2
くび
Grade: 2
kun'yomi

Compound of (moto, origin, base) +‎ (kubi, neck, head).[2]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

元首 (hiragana もとくび, romaji motokubi)

  1. (rare) the base of the neck
  2. (rare) (by extension upwards) the head
Usage notes[edit]

The kun'yomi reading of motokubi is rare for this term.[1]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan