皇帝

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Chinese[edit]

emperor; surname emperor
simp. and trad.
(皇帝)
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Etymology[edit]

After a series of conquests ending in 221 BC, created as a title for King Zheng of Qin, who was styled Qin Shi Huangdi (literally the First Emperor of the Qin dynasty). The two component characters were originally the titles of the mythological rulers or deities known as the Three Sovereigns and Five Emperors (三皇五帝 (Sānhuáng Wǔdì)).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (33) (5)
Final () (102) (39)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Closed Open
Division () I IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦwɑŋ/ /teiH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦʷɑŋ/ /teiH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣuɑŋ/ /tɛiH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦwaŋ/ /tɛjH/
Li
Rong
/ɣuɑŋ/ /teiH/
Wang
Li
/ɣuɑŋ/ /tieiH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣwɑŋ/ /tieiH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
huáng
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
wong4 dai3
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 2/2 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
huáng
Middle
Chinese
‹ hwang › ‹ tejH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɢ]ʷˁaŋ/ /*tˁek-s/
English sovereign God

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 12696 2313
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡʷaːŋ/ /*teːɡs/
Notes

Noun[edit]

皇帝

  1. emperor (any monarch ruling an empire, irrespective of gender)
    輔佐皇帝 / 辅佐皇帝  ―  fǔzuǒ huángdì  ―  to assist an emperor

Synonyms[edit]

edit

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (皇帝):

Others:

See also[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
こう
Grade: 6
てい
Grade: S
kan’on
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 皇帝 on Japanese Wikipedia

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese 皇帝. See also 三皇五帝 (Sankō Gotei) and 始皇帝 (Shikōtei).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(こう)(てい) (kōteiくわうてい (kwautei)?

  1. an emperor
  2. an East Asian empress regnant
    (そく)(てん)(たい)(せい)(こう)(てい)
    Sokuten Taisei Kōtei
    Great Sage Empress Zetian
  3. (tarot) the Emperor

Usage notes[edit]

  • An East Asian empress regnant has the same title as an emperor, not specifically "empress (regnant)" like in European languages. Similarly, a queen regnant has the same title as an emperor.

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Khitan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Orthographic borrowing from Middle Chinese 皇帝 (MC ɦwɑŋ teiH).

Noun[edit]

皇帝

  1. emperor
    1081, 《多羅里本郎君墓誌碑》 [Memorial for Lord Dorlipun]:
    皇帝[⿱火日][⿰𤣩⿱⿻𠃊丨又]弃[⿻一⿵冂仌]囯[⿱火日][⿱干艹][⿻⿻二丨从]
    皇帝之時於丹國之宰相
    (please add an English translation of this quote)

References[edit]

  • Cong, Yanshuang; Liu, Fengzhu; Chi, Jianxue (叢艷雙,劉鳳翥,池建學) (2005). 契丹大字《多羅里本郎君墓志銘》考釋 (A Textual Research and Explanation on the Inscription for Duoluoliben in Big Qidan Script). 《民族語文》 (Minority Languages of China), issue 4, page 54.

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Noun[edit]

皇帝 (hwangje) (hangeul 황제)

  1. Hanja form? of 황제 (emperor).

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this term

Noun[edit]

皇帝

  1. chữ Hán form of hoàng đế (emperor).