天皇

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Chinese[edit]

day; sky; heaven emperor; (surname)
simp. and trad.
(天皇)
anagram 皇天
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天皇

Pronunciation[edit]


Noun[edit]

天皇

  1. king of heaven; heavenly sovereign; (figuratively) emperor
  2. emperor of Japan; mikado; Tennou

Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Kanji in this term
てん
Grade: 1
おう > のう
Grade: 6
on’yomi

/tenwau//tenwɔː//tenɔː//tenoː//tenːoː/

From Middle Chinese 天皇 (MC tʰen ɦwɑŋ), with the original sense of "heavenly sovereign". The goon pronunciation, so likely the initial borrowing.

The ō reading for changes to as an instance of renjō (連声).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

天皇 (hiragana てんのう, rōmaji tennō, historical hiragana てんわう)

  1. an Emperor of Japan
    Synonyms: (mikado)
  2. an honorific title of an emperor or monarch
  3. (by extension) a person having a strength or profession in a particular field
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
てん
Grade: 1
こう
Grade: 6
on’yomi

/tenkwau//tenkwɔː//tenkɔː//tenkoː/

From a later borrowing of Middle Chinese 天皇 (MC tʰen ɦwɑŋ).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

天皇 (hiragana てんこう, rōmaji tenkō, historical hiragana てんくわう)

  1. name for an emperor or ruler (usually in Chinese contexts) with a heavenly mandate (Can we verify(+) this sense?)

Proper noun[edit]

天皇 (hiragana てんこう, rōmaji Tenkō, historical hiragana てんくわう)

  1. (Chinese mythology) the first of the Three Sovereigns; Fu Xi

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
Grade: 1 Grade: 6
Irregular

⟨sube2ra ki1mi1⟨sube2raki1/suberaɡi/

From Old Japanese.

Compound of (subera-, prefix expressing praise and respect) + (kimi, sovereign), with the final mi dropping. The kigi shift likely first appeared in Early Middle Japanese.

The kanji spelling is jukujikun (熟字訓), from tennō above.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Irregular reading)
    • IPA(key): [sɨᵝbe̞ɾa̠ɡʲi]

Noun[edit]

天皇 (hiragana すべらぎ, rōmaji suberagi, alternative reading すべらき, rōmaji suberaki)

  1. (archaic) an honorific name given to an Emperor of Japan
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

Kanji in this term
Grade: 1 Grade: 6
Irregular

From Old Japanese, with two likely derivations: (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)

  • Compound of (sumera-, prefix expressing praise and respect) + (kimi, sovereign), with the final mi dropping.
    ⟨sume2ra ki1mi1⟨sume2raki1/sumeraɡi/
  • Alternatively, a shift from suberagi above, the /b/ loses plosive and becomes nasal /m/:
    ⟨sube2raki1⟨sume2raki1/sumeraɡi/

The kigi shift likely first appeared in Early Middle Japanese. The kanji spelling is jukujikun (熟字訓), from tennō above.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Irregular reading)
    • IPA(key): [sɨᵝme̞ɾa̠ɡʲi]

Noun[edit]

天皇 (hiragana すめらぎ, rōmaji sumeragi, alternative reading すめらき, rōmaji sumeraki)

  1. (archaic) an honorific name given to an Emperor of Japan
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 5[edit]

Kanji in this term
Grade: 1 Grade: 6
Irregular

⟨sume2raki1⟨sume2ro2ki1/sumeroɡi/

From Old Japanese.

Shift from sumeragi above. The kigi shift likely first appeared in Early Middle Japanese.

The kanji spelling is jukujikun (熟字訓), from tennō above.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Irregular reading)
    • IPA(key): [sɨᵝme̞ɾo̞ɡʲi]

Noun[edit]

天皇 (hiragana すめろぎ, rōmaji sumerogi, alternative reading すめろき, rōmaji sumeroki)

  1. (archaic) an honorific name given to an Emperor of Japan

Etymology 6[edit]

Kanji in this term
Grade: 1 Grade: 6
Irregular

The kanji spelling is jukujikun (熟字訓), from tennō above.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Irregular reading)
    • IPA(key): [sɨᵝme̞ɾa̠miko̞to̞]

Noun[edit]

天皇 (hiragana すめらみこと, rōmaji sumera-mikoto)

  1. (archaic) Alternative spelling of 皇尊: an honorific name given to an Emperor of Japan
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Noun[edit]

天皇 (cheonhwang) (hangeul 천황)

  1. Hanja form? of 천황, “the Emperor of Japan, mikado”.