Nazi

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: nazi, nazí, nazī, naži, and -nazi

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From German Nazi, a shortening of Nationalsozialist (National Socialist) (attested since 1903, as a shortening of national-sozial),[1] since in German the nati- in national /ˌnatsi̯oˈnaːl/ is approximately pronounced Nazi [ˈnäːtsi]; compare Sozi (socialist).[1] A homonymic term Nazi was in use before the rise of the NSDAP in Bavaria as a pet name for Ignatz and (by extension from that) a derogatory word for a backwards peasant, which may have influenced[2] the use of that abbreviation by the Nazis' opponents and its avoidance by the Nazis themselves.[1][3]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈnɑːtsi/, /ˈnætsi/, /ˈnæzi/ (the first pronunciation more closely matches the German pronunciation [ˈnäːtsi] and is more common than the second; the third is historical)
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Noun[edit]

Nazi (plural Nazis)

  1. (historical) A member of the National Socialist German Workers Party (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei, commonly called the NSDAP or Nazi Party).
  2. One who subscribes to or advocates (neo-)Nazism or a similarly fascist, racist (especially anti-Semitic), xenophobic, ethnic supremacist, or ultranationalist ideology; a neo-Nazi.
  3. (slang, usually derogatory, sometimes offensive, see usage notes below) One who imposes one’s views on others; one who is considered unfairly oppressive or needlessly strict. (also frequently uncapitalised: nazi)
    She’s a total grammar Nazi.
  4. (ethnic slur, rare) Any person of German descent.

Usage notes[edit]

  • (one who imposes one’s views on others): As actual Nazis practiced genocide and were responsible for the murder of millions of people during the Second World War, this flippant use is sometimes considered to be offensive and in very poor taste. It is sometimes used to offend, intentionally (e.g. when trolling) or out of anger.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Adjective[edit]

Nazi (comparative more Nazi, superlative most Nazi)

  1. (historical) Of or pertaining to the Nazi Party (NSDAP) specifically, or to Nazism, neo-Nazism, or neo-Nazis more generally.
  2. (by extension) Domineering, totalitarian, or intolerant.

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

Proper noun[edit]

Nazi

  1. The language (ideological jargon) of Nazis.
    • 2008, Joseph P. Farrell, Nazi International (ISBN 1935487590):
      All this requires some very careful unpacking, for obviously, Dr. Bosse is “speaking Nazi with the Bormann dialect.”
    • 2014, Marius Turda, ‎Aaron Gillette, Latin Eugenics in Comparative Perspective (ISBN 1472522109), page 123:
      He must write and speak “Nazi”, which is essentially anti-scientific' (Schreiber 1935a: 79). Falk Ruttke's presentation was illustrative in this sense. Ruttke was a member of the Reich Committee for Public Health Policy, as well as a member of the Advisory Board for Population and Racial Policy at the Reich Interior Ministry. Ruttke told the participants that after Hitler's accession to power, the 'knowledge of genetic laws was invoked towards the creation of a healthy race,...'
    • 2015, Tarik Cyril Amar, The Paradox of Ukrainian Lviv: A Borderland City (ISBN 1501700847):
      What is pertinent is that it was possible to effectively speak Nazi to Nazis and then become an “innocent nationalist” during the Cold War. Kubiiovych's truth, if any, was that he mastered both. Pragmatism and brutality thus meshed seamlessly. For Kubiiovych, developing the Ukrainian cooperative system under Germans would not only strengthen the Ukrainian economy but also protect Ukrainian peasants from Jewish exploitation.
  2. (derogatory, offensive, rare) The German language.
    • 1941 October 19, FFF advertisement in The New York Times (as quoted in 2004, Martin J. Manning, ‎Herbert Romerstein, Historical Dictionary of American Propaganda (ISBN 0313296057), page 104):
      In Hitler's Own Words: Shut up, Yank — learn to speak NAZI!
    • 2013, Jennifer Lane, On Best Behavior:
      He pushed aside his ponytailed minion and stepped right up to Tank, who gave him a perplexed look as he barked a few words in guttural German. “I don't speak Nazi,” Tank said.
    • 2016, Jessica Holbrook, The Perfect Descent, p. 158:
      “This is all sounding very pretty, Shaw,” Spencer checks his watch. “But how about you share what's being said for the rest of us who don't speak Nazi.”

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Nazi” in Douglas Harper, Online Etymology Dictionary, 2001–2018., citing Friedrich Kluge, Elmar Seebold, Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache, 24. Auflage (Walter de Gruyter, Berlin/New York 2002, →ISBN)
  2. ^ Henrik Gottlieb, Jens Erik Morgensen, editors (2007) Dictionary Visions, Research and Practice: Selected Papers from the 12th International Symposium on Lexicography, Copenhagen 2004[1], illustrated edition, Amsterdam: J. Benjamins Pub. Co., →ISBN, pages 247-249
  3. ^ Anson Rabinbach, Sander Gilman, editors (2013) The Third Reich Sourcebook[2], Berkeley, California: California University Press, →ISBN, page 4

Anagrams[edit]


German[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Representing the pronunciation of Nati in Nationalsozialist (National Socialist), influenced by Sozi (socialist).

Noun[edit]

Nazi m (genitive Nazis, plural Nazis or Nazi)

  1. a member or (ideological) supporter of the NSDAP, Nazism, or neo-Nazism; a National Socialist
  2. a general, extremely strong insult, chiefly of someone right-wing, authoritarian or xenophobic
  3. (used in compounds) an expression of strong contempt for someone or something right-wing, authoritarian or xenophobic, as in Nazischwein, Nazipropaganda, etc
Declension[edit]
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Nazi m (genitive Nazis, plural Nazis)

  1. A male given name, a pet name for Ignatius.

Further reading[edit]

  • Nazi in Duden online