Aryan

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English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

The term “Aryan” has had a history filled with controversy. The source of the English word Aryan comes from the Sanskrit word ārya, which is the self-designation used by the Vedic Indic people who migrated into the Indian subcontinent about 1500 BCE. The Sanskrit term has a cognate in the Iranian word arya, which is also a self-designation. Both the Sanskrit and the Iranian terms descend from a form ārya that was used by the Indo-Iranian tribes to refer to themselves, a tem which is also connected to the source of the country-name Iran, from a phrase meaning “Kingdom of the Aryans”. The Corruption of the Term Aryan

The original meaning of the term is unknown and different meanings have been proposed, the most common being “nobleman”. During the 19th century CE, it was proposed that this was not only the Indo-Iranian tribal self-designation but also the self-designation used by the ancestors of all Indo-Europeans, which is a theory no longer accepted. “Aryan” then came to be used as a synonym of Indo-European. Some time later it was further proposed that the ancestor of the Indo-European people had their homeland located in northern Europe, implying that Indo-Europeans were originally of a Nordic racial type. Thus, “Aryan” developed yet another, purely racial meaning, probably one of the most familiar meanings today. By Cristian Violatti, freelance writer, currently studying Archaeology at the University of Leicester, England

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

Aryan ‎(plural Aryans)

  1. (theosophy, Germanic mysticism, nazism) A member of an (alleged) master race comprised of non-Jewish Caucasians, especially those of Nordic or Germanic descent.
    • 1925–26, Adolf Hitler, Mein Kampf, translation from German to English by James Murphy, 1939
      This short sketch of the changes that take place among those races that are only the depositories of a culture also furnishes a picture of the development and the activity and the disappearance of those who are the true founders of culture on this earth, namely the Aryans themselves.
  2. (Nazi or white supremacist ideology, informal) A person of Caucasian ethnicity; a white non-Jew.
    • 2001, Robert J. Sternberg, James C. Kaufman, The Evolution of Intelligence, Page 300
      One transmission advantage may have been that espousing Aryan-supremacist and overtly Nazi ideology could have been a roundabout way of announcing, […]
    • 2002, David R. Goldfield, Still Fighting the Civil War: The American South and Southern History, page 263
      The point is not that southern Republicans are edging toward Aryan-supremacist views but that the rhetoric of their campaigns and some of their political […]
  3. (chiefly US, informal, euphemistic) A Caucasian racist, often one who is an Aryan in the first sense.
    • 2004, John Lawton, Bluffing Mr. Churchill
      Cal tried to think of words that would convey Wolfgang Stahl to the ears and hands of a woman who’d never seen him and never, until now, had to imagine him.
      […]
      ‘Why not . . . why not think of your chap as a type? Tell me what type you’d sort of put him into.’
      ‘Sort of?’
      ‘You know . . . roughly.’
      ‘He’s an Aryan.’
      ‘Ah, one of those, eh? Odd when you think about it. I mean. How did they arrive at blue-eyed blonds as a racial type? Hitler’s short and dark and looks like Charlie Chaplin. Goebbels is short and ugly and looks like a rat. And as for Goering – well is that what Billy Bunter grew up to be?’
  4. (dated) An Indo-European, a Proto-Indo-European.
    • 1905, Rossiter Johnson, LL.D., chief editor, The Great Events by Famous Historians, volume IV
      We have seen that when the Goths first entered Roman territory they were driven on by a vast migration of the Asiatic Huns. These wild and hideous tribes then […] appeared upon the Rhine, and in enormous numbers penetrated Gaul. No people had yet understood them, none had even checked their career. The white races seemed helpless against this "yellow peril", this "Scourge of God", as Attila was called. Goths and Romans and all the varied tribes which were ranging in perturbed whirl through unhappy Gaul laid aside their lesser enmities and met in common cause against this terrible invader. The battle of Châlons, 451, was the most tremendous struggle in which Turanian was ever matched against Aryan, the one huge bid of the stagnant, unprogressive races, for earth’s mastery.
  5. (dated) An Indo-Iranian.
  6. (ethnography, obsolete) A subdivision of the Caucasian race, which comprised the Aryans, the Semites, and the Hamites, or the accompanying linguistic subdivision.
    • 1892, Charles Morris, The Aryan Race: Its Origins and Its Achievements
      [The] Caucasian race includes two sub-races, — the Xantho-chroic and Melanochroic of Huxley. The seat of this race is Europe, northern Africa, and southwestern Asia, its linguistic division being into Aryans, Semites, and Hamites.
    • 1900, Frank Moore Colby, Outlines of General History
      The surest principle of classification is based on language, but the results must be tested by a study of the physical characteristics of the various races. According to this method of classification, the races of the world may be divided as follows: Aryan, Semitic, Hamitic, Turanian, Negroid. The name Caucasian is generally applied to the first three divisions, — Aryans, Semites, and Hamites. Aryan. — This includes the ancient Hindus […] the Persians, Greeks, Italians, Celts, Teutons, and Slavs.

Derived terms[edit]

=Translations[edit]

Aryan plural from Sanskrit(an Archaic Asian Language)

Usage notes[edit]

  • The Aryans of Aryavarta where indigenous peoples ancient India.They concentrated their culture in Indus valley.The Aryans of Aryvarta founded the Vedic culture and Hinduism.
  • In Nazi Mythology the Aryans from Europe they invaded Aryvarta and founded Hinduism in the Indus Valley. The Nazis branded the Nordics as the true pure original long lost Ancient Aryans.

Based on the evidence of: British Museum (Evidence collected by Museum in London, England The British Museum is a museum dedicated to human history, art, and culture, located in the Bloomsbury area of London. Wikipedia Address: Great Russell St, London WC1B 3DG)

Victoria Albert Museum Cromwell Rd, London SW7 2RL Phone: 020 7942 2000

Ancient Aryan Texts Bhagavad Gita The Vedas

Adjective[edit]

Aryan ‎(not comparable)

  1. Pertaining, in racial theories, to the (alleged) Aryan master race.
    • 1925–26, Adolf Hitler, Mein Kampf, translation from German to English by James Murphy, 1939
      Look at the ravages from which our people are suffering daily as a result of being contaminated with Jewish blood. Bear in mind the fact that this poisonous contamination can be eliminated from the national body only after centuries, or perhaps never. Think further of how the process of racial decomposition is debasing and in some cases even destroying the fundamental Aryan qualities of our German people, so that our cultural creativeness as a nation is gradually becoming impotent and we are running the danger, at least in our great cities, of falling to the level where Southern Italy is to-day.
  2. (neo-Nazi or white supremacist ideology, informal) Pertaining to the Caucasian ethnicity.
    • 2003, Kathleen M. Blee, Inside Organized Racism: Women in the Hate Movement, page 172
      Neo-Nazis use Nordic religions to fashion a more noble Aryan past and a modern Pan-Aryan community. Symbols from and references to ancient spirituality pepper neo-Nazi literature.
  3. (US, informal, euphemistic) Pertaining to Caucasian racists or their organisations, theories, etc.
    • 2006, Margaret Kleffner Nydell, Understanding Arabs: A Guide for Modern Times, Intercultural Press, 1931930252, page 106
    • Imagine our outrage if the foreign press depicted Aryan groups as representing mainstream Christianity.
  4. Of or pertaining to Indo-Iranian peoples, cultures, and languages.
    • 1872-79: John Beames, A Comparative Grammar of the Modern Aryan Languages of India: to wit, Hindi, Panjabi, Sindhi, Gujarati, Marathi, Oriya and Bangall
      [W]ith all due deference to the opinions of scholars, it may be urged that much of this elaborate development arose in an age when the speech of the people had wandered very far away from the classical type. Even if it were not so, even if there ever were a time when the Aryan peasant used poly-syllabic desideratives, and was familiar with multiform aorists, it is clear that he began to satisfy himself with a simpler system at a very distant epoch, for the range of forms in Pali and the other Prakrits is far narrower than in classical Sanskrit.
  5. (dated) Of or pertaining to Indo-European peoples, cultures and languages.
    • 1905, Rossiter Johnson, LL.D., chief editor, The Great Events by Famous Historians, volume IV
      Who were these Teutons? Rome knew them only vaguely as wild tribes dwelling in the gloom of the great forest wilderness. In reality they were but the vanguard of vast races of human beings who through ages had been slowly populating all Eastern Europe and Northern Asia. Beyond the Teutons were other Aryans, the Slavs. Beyond these were vague non-Aryan races like the Huns. […]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

External links[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Aryan

  1. The language of the original Aryans.

Anagrams[edit]