आर्य

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Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit आर्य (ārya).

Noun[edit]

आर्य (āryam (Urdu spelling آریا‎)

  1. an Aryan (a speaker of an Indic language; an inhabitant of North India)

Adjective[edit]

आर्य (ārya)

  1. Aryan

Sanskrit[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Aryan *áryas, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *áryas.

Old Indic ā́rya (with long a, vṛddhi-formed Sanskrit ā́rya-) is a cognate of Proto-Iranian *áryah (with short a, Avestan airya/airiia- and Old Persian ariya-). The term was used as a self-designator by both Indians and Iranians.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

आर्य (ā́ryam

  1. (primary) an Indo-Aryan, i.e. an Ārya, a self-designator of the peoples of Ancient India who speak आर्य भाषा (ārya bhāṣā)
    1. a speaker of the language of the Vedas (as opposed to अनार्य (anārya), दस्यु (dasyu), दास (dāsa))
    2. an inhabitant of the आर्यावर्त (āryāvarta)
    3. a member of the आर्यवर्ण (āryavarṇa)
    4. one who is favourable to the Āryan people/cause (RV. etc.)
  2. (secondary) a person having the self-ascribed qualities of a speaker of Ārya language
    1. a respectable, honourable, faithful man
    2. one who is faithful to the religion of his country
    3. a man highly esteemed, a respectable, honourable man (Pañcat., Śak. etc.)
    4. in later times name of the first three castes, compare ārya.varna (opposed to शूद्र (śūdra)) (late RV., AV., VS., MBh., Yājñ., Pañcat. etc.)
    5. a master, an owner (L.)
    6. a friend (L.)
    7. a Vaishya (L.)
  3. (from developments in Buddhist/Pali usage)
    1. Buddha
    2. (Buddhism) a man who has thought on the four chief truths of Buddhism and lives accordingly, a Buddhist priest (Pali अय्यो (ayyo), or अरियो (ariyo))
  4. (proper noun) a son of Manu Sāvarṇa (Hariv.)

Declension[edit]

Masculine a-stem declension of आर्य (ā́rya)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative आर्यः
ā́ryaḥ
आर्यौ
ā́ryau
आर्याः / आर्यासः¹
ā́ryāḥ / ā́ryāsaḥ¹
Vocative आर्य
ā́rya
आर्यौ
ā́ryau
आर्याः / आर्यासः¹
ā́ryāḥ / ā́ryāsaḥ¹
Accusative आर्यम्
ā́ryam
आर्यौ
ā́ryau
आर्यान्
ā́ryān
Instrumental आर्येण
ā́ryeṇa
आर्याभ्याम्
ā́ryābhyām
आर्यैः / आर्येभिः¹
ā́ryaiḥ / ā́ryebhiḥ¹
Dative आर्याय
ā́ryāya
आर्याभ्याम्
ā́ryābhyām
आर्येभ्यः
ā́ryebhyaḥ
Ablative आर्यात्
ā́ryāt
आर्याभ्याम्
ā́ryābhyām
आर्येभ्यः
ā́ryebhyaḥ
Genitive आर्यस्य
ā́ryasya
आर्ययोः
ā́ryayoḥ
आर्याणाम्
ā́ryāṇām
Locative आर्ये
ā́rye
आर्ययोः
ā́ryayoḥ
आर्येषु
ā́ryeṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic

Descendants[edit]

Adjective[edit]

आर्य (ā́rya)

  1. (primary) Indo-Aryan, pertaining to peoples of ancient India who speak आर्य भाषा (ārya bhāṣā)
    1. pertaining to speakers of the language of the Vedas (as opposed to अनार्य (anārya), दस्यु (dasyu), दास (dāsa))
    2. pertaining to inhabitants of the आर्यावर्त (āryāvarta)
    3. pertaining to members of the आर्यवर्ण (āryavarṇa)
    4. pertaining to worshipers of the gods of the Vedas
  2. (secondary) self-ascribed qualities of a person who speaks (an) Ārya language
    1. respectable, honourable, faithful
    2. faithful to the religion of his country
    3. behaving like an Āryan, worthy of one, honourable, respectable, noble (R., Mn., Śak. etc.)
    4. of a good family
    5. excellent
    6. wise
    7. suitable

Declension[edit]

Masculine a-stem declension of आर्य (ā́rya)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative आर्यः
ā́ryaḥ
आर्यौ
ā́ryau
आर्याः / आर्यासः¹
ā́ryāḥ / ā́ryāsaḥ¹
Vocative आर्य
ā́rya
आर्यौ
ā́ryau
आर्याः / आर्यासः¹
ā́ryāḥ / ā́ryāsaḥ¹
Accusative आर्यम्
ā́ryam
आर्यौ
ā́ryau
आर्यान्
ā́ryān
Instrumental आर्येण
ā́ryeṇa
आर्याभ्याम्
ā́ryābhyām
आर्यैः / आर्येभिः¹
ā́ryaiḥ / ā́ryebhiḥ¹
Dative आर्याय
ā́ryāya
आर्याभ्याम्
ā́ryābhyām
आर्येभ्यः
ā́ryebhyaḥ
Ablative आर्यात्
ā́ryāt
आर्याभ्याम्
ā́ryābhyām
आर्येभ्यः
ā́ryebhyaḥ
Genitive आर्यस्य
ā́ryasya
आर्ययोः
ā́ryayoḥ
आर्याणाम्
ā́ryāṇām
Locative आर्ये
ā́rye
आर्ययोः
ā́ryayoḥ
आर्येषु
ā́ryeṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic
Feminine ā-stem declension of आर्या (ā́ryā)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative आर्या
ā́ryā
आर्ये
ā́rye
आर्याः
ā́ryāḥ
Vocative आर्ये
ā́rye
आर्ये
ā́rye
आर्याः
ā́ryāḥ
Accusative आर्याम्
ā́ryām
आर्ये
ā́rye
आर्याः
ā́ryāḥ
Instrumental आर्यया / आर्या¹
ā́ryayā / ā́ryā¹
आर्याभ्याम्
ā́ryābhyām
आर्याभिः
ā́ryābhiḥ
Dative आर्यायै
ā́ryāyai
आर्याभ्याम्
ā́ryābhyām
आर्याभ्यः
ā́ryābhyaḥ
Ablative आर्यायाः
ā́ryāyāḥ
आर्याभ्याम्
ā́ryābhyām
आर्याभ्यः
ā́ryābhyaḥ
Genitive आर्यायाः
ā́ryāyāḥ
आर्ययोः
ā́ryayoḥ
आर्याणाम्
ā́ryāṇām
Locative आर्यायाम्
ā́ryāyām
आर्ययोः
ā́ryayoḥ
आर्यासु
ā́ryāsu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic
Neuter a-stem declension of आर्य (ā́rya)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative आर्यम्
ā́ryam
आर्ये
ā́rye
आर्याणि / आर्या¹
ā́ryāṇi / ā́ryā¹
Vocative आर्य
ā́rya
आर्ये
ā́rye
आर्याणि / आर्या¹
ā́ryāṇi / ā́ryā¹
Accusative आर्यम्
ā́ryam
आर्ये
ā́rye
आर्याणि / आर्या¹
ā́ryāṇi / ā́ryā¹
Instrumental आर्येण
ā́ryeṇa
आर्याभ्याम्
ā́ryābhyām
आर्यैः / आर्येभिः¹
ā́ryaiḥ / ā́ryebhiḥ¹
Dative आर्याय
ā́ryāya
आर्याभ्याम्
ā́ryābhyām
आर्येभ्यः
ā́ryebhyaḥ
Ablative आर्यात्
ā́ryāt
आर्याभ्याम्
ā́ryābhyām
आर्येभ्यः
ā́ryebhyaḥ
Genitive आर्यस्य
ā́ryasya
आर्ययोः
ā́ryayoḥ
आर्याणाम्
ā́ryāṇām
Locative आर्ये
ā́rye
आर्ययोः
ā́ryayoḥ
आर्येषु
ā́ryeṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic

References[edit]