आर्य

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Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Sanskrit आर्य ‎(ārya).

Noun[edit]

आर्य ‎(āryam ‎(Urdu spelling آریہ)

  1. an Aryan (a speaker of an Indic language; an inhabitant of North India)

Adjective[edit]

आर्य ‎(ārya) ‎(Urdu spelling آریہ)

  1. Aryan

Sanskrit[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From one of the several Proto-Indo-Iranian *ar- verbal roots; see there for details.

Old Indic ārya- (with long-a, vriddhi-formed Sanskrit ā́rya-) is a cognate of Old Iranian arya- (with short-a, Avestan airya/airiia- and Old Persian ariya-). The term was used as a self-designator by both Indians and Iranians.

Noun[edit]

आर्य ‎(ā́ryam

  1. (primary) an Indo-Aryan, i.e. an Ārya-, a self-designator of the peoples of Ancient India who speak Ārya language (ārya-bhāšā-)
    1. a speaker of the language of the Vedas (opposed to अनार्य ‎(an-ārya), दस्यु ‎(dasyu), दास ‎(dāsa))
    2. an inhabitant of आर्यावर्त ‎(āryā.varta)
    3. a member of the ārya.varna.
    4. one who is favourable to the Ārya- people/cause (RV. etc.)
  2. (secondary) a person having the self-ascribed qualities of a speaker of Ārya language
    1. a respectable, honourable, faithful man
    2. one who is faithful to the religion of his country
    3. a man highly esteemed, a respectable, honourable man (Pañcat., Śak. etc.)
    4. in later times name of the first three castes, compare ārya.varna (opposed to शूद्र ‎(śūdra)) (late RV., AV., VS., MBh., Yājñ., Pañcat. etc.)
    5. an arí-, a master, an owner (L.)
    6. an aryamán, a friend (L.)
    7. a वैश्य ‎(vaiśya) (L.)
  3. (from developments in Buddhist/Pali usage)
    1. Buddha
    2. (Buddhism) a man who has thought on the four chief truths of Buddhism and lives accordingly, a Buddhist priest (Pali अय्यो ‎(ayyo), or अरियो ‎(ariyo))
  4. (proper noun) a son of Manu Sāvarṇa (Hariv.)

Declension[edit]

Masculine a-stem declension of आर्य
Nom. sg. आर्यः ‎(āryaḥ)
Gen. sg. आर्यस्य ‎(āryasya)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative आर्यः ‎(āryaḥ) आर्यौ ‎(āryau) आर्याः ‎(āryāḥ)
Vocative आर्य ‎(ārya) आर्यौ ‎(āryau) आर्याः ‎(āryāḥ)
Accusative आर्यम् ‎(āryam) आर्यौ ‎(āryau) आर्यान् ‎(āryān)
Instrumental आर्येण ‎(āryeṇa) आर्याभ्याम् ‎(āryābhyām) आर्यैः ‎(āryaiḥ)
Dative आर्याय ‎(āryāya) आर्याभ्याम् ‎(āryābhyām) आर्येभ्यः ‎(āryebhyaḥ)
Ablative आर्यात् ‎(āryāt) आर्याभ्याम् ‎(āryābhyām) आर्येभ्यः ‎(āryebhyaḥ)
Genitive आर्यस्य ‎(āryasya) आर्ययोः ‎(āryayoḥ) आर्याणाम् ‎(āryāṇām)
Locative आर्ये ‎(ārye) आर्ययोः ‎(āryayoḥ) आर्येषु ‎(āryeṣu)

Adjective[edit]

आर्य ‎(ā́rya)

  1. (primary) Indo-Aryan, pertaining to peoples of ancient India who speak Ārya (:= Indo-Aryan) language
    1. pertaining to speakers of the language of the Vedas (opposed to अनार्य ‎(an-ārya), दस्यु ‎(dasyu), दास ‎(dāsa))
    2. pertaining to inhabitants of आर्यावर्त ‎(āryā.varta)
    3. pertaining to members of the ārya.varna
    4. pertaining to worshipers of the gods of the Vedas
  2. (secondary) self-ascribed qualities of a person who speaks (an) Ārya language
    1. respectable, honourable, faithful
    2. faithful to the religion of his country
    3. behaving like an arya-, worthy of one, honourable, respectable, noble (R., Mn., Śak. etc.)
    4. of a good family
    5. excellent
    6. wise
    7. suitable

Declension[edit]

Masculine a-stem declension of आर्य
Nom. sg. आर्यः ‎(āryaḥ)
Gen. sg. आर्यस्य ‎(āryasya)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative आर्यः ‎(āryaḥ) आर्यौ ‎(āryau) आर्याः ‎(āryāḥ)
Vocative आर्य ‎(ārya) आर्यौ ‎(āryau) आर्याः ‎(āryāḥ)
Accusative आर्यम् ‎(āryam) आर्यौ ‎(āryau) आर्यान् ‎(āryān)
Instrumental आर्येण ‎(āryeṇa) आर्याभ्याम् ‎(āryābhyām) आर्यैः ‎(āryaiḥ)
Dative आर्याय ‎(āryāya) आर्याभ्याम् ‎(āryābhyām) आर्येभ्यः ‎(āryebhyaḥ)
Ablative आर्यात् ‎(āryāt) आर्याभ्याम् ‎(āryābhyām) आर्येभ्यः ‎(āryebhyaḥ)
Genitive आर्यस्य ‎(āryasya) आर्ययोः ‎(āryayoḥ) आर्याणाम् ‎(āryāṇām)
Locative आर्ये ‎(ārye) आर्ययोः ‎(āryayoḥ) आर्येषु ‎(āryeṣu)
Feminine ā-stem declension of आर्या
Nom. sg. आर्या ‎(āryā)
Gen. sg. आर्यायाः ‎(āryāyāḥ)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative आर्या ‎(āryā) आर्ये ‎(ārye) आर्याः ‎(āryāḥ)
Vocative आर्ये ‎(ārye) आर्ये ‎(ārye) आर्याः ‎(āryāḥ)
Accusative आर्याम् ‎(āryām) आर्ये ‎(ārye) आर्याः ‎(āryāḥ)
Instrumental आर्यया ‎(āryayā) आर्याभ्याम् ‎(āryābhyām) आर्याभिः ‎(āryābhiḥ)
Dative आर्यायै ‎(āryāyai) आर्याभ्याम् ‎(āryābhyām) आर्याभ्यः ‎(āryābhyaḥ)
Ablative आर्यायाः ‎(āryāyāḥ) आर्याभ्याम् ‎(āryābhyām) आर्याभ्यः ‎(āryābhyaḥ)
Genitive आर्यायाः ‎(āryāyāḥ) आर्ययोः ‎(āryayoḥ) आर्याणाम् ‎(āryāṇām)
Locative आर्यायाम् ‎(āryāyām) आर्ययोः ‎(āryayoḥ) आर्यासु ‎(āryāsu)
Neuter a-stem declension of आर्य
Nom. sg. आर्यम् ‎(āryam)
Gen. sg. आर्यस्य ‎(āryasya)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative आर्यम् ‎(āryam) आर्ये ‎(ārye) आर्याणि ‎(āryāṇi)
Vocative आर्य ‎(ārya) आर्ये ‎(ārye) आर्याणि ‎(āryāṇi)
Accusative आर्यम् ‎(āryam) आर्ये ‎(ārye) आर्याणि ‎(āryāṇi)
Instrumental आर्येण ‎(āryeṇa) आर्याभ्याम् ‎(āryābhyām) आर्यैः ‎(āryaiḥ)
Dative आर्या ‎(āryā) आर्याभ्याम् ‎(āryābhyām) आर्येभ्यः ‎(āryebhyaḥ)
Ablative आर्यात् ‎(āryāt) आर्याभ्याम् ‎(āryābhyām) आर्येभ्यः ‎(āryebhyaḥ)
Genitive आर्यस्य ‎(āryasya) आर्ययोः ‎(āryayoḥ) आर्याणाम् ‎(āryāṇām)
Locative आर्ये ‎(ārye) आर्ययोः ‎(āryayoḥ) आर्येषु ‎(āryeṣu)

References[edit]

  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 0152