zain

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See also: Zain and zaïn

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from French zain

Noun[edit]

zain (plural zains)

  1. (archaic) A horse of a dark colour with no lighter spots.
    • 1905, Sir William Ridgeway, The origin and influence of the thoroughbred horse:
      Azara estimates the proportion of bays amongst these horses to be about ninety to ten zains, that is, entirely dark-coloured without any white; and there is not one black in two thousand; pied and greys occur sometimes []

Anagrams[edit]


Basque[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /s̻ai̯n/, [s̻ãĩ̯n]
  • (file)

Etymology 1[edit]

Noun[edit]

zain inan

  1. vein
    Synonyms: zainurdin, bena
  2. nerve
    Synonyms: zaintzuri, nerbio
  3. tendon, sinew
    Synonyms: zurda, tendoi
  4. artery
    Synonyms: zaingorri, arteria
  5. varicose vein
    Synonym: barize
  6. vigor, strength
  7. (figuratively) root
    Synonyms: zuztar, erro
Declension[edit]
Declension of zain (inanimate, ending in consonant)
indefinite singular plural
absolutive zain zaina zainak
ergative zainek zainak zainek
dative zaini zainari zainei
genitive zainen zainaren zainen
comitative zainekin zainarekin zainekin
causative zainengatik zainarengatik zainengatik
benefactive zainentzat zainarentzat zainentzat
instrumental zainez zainaz zainez
insessive zainetan zainean zainetan
locative zainetako zaineko zainetako
allative zainetara zainera zainetara
terminative zainetaraino zaineraino zainetaraino
directive zainetarantz zainerantz zainetarantz
destinative zainetarako zainerako zainetarako
ablative zainetatik zainetik zainetatik
partitive zainik
prolative zaintzat
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

zain anim

  1. guard, watchman
  2. shepherd
    Synonym: artzain
Declension[edit]
Declension of zain (animate, ending in consonant)
indefinite singular plural
absolutive zain zaina zainak
ergative zainek zainak zainek
dative zaini zainari zainei
genitive zainen zainaren zainen
comitative zainekin zainarekin zainekin
causative zainengatik zainarengatik zainengatik
benefactive zainentzat zainarentzat zainentzat
instrumental zainez zainaz zainez
insessive zainengan zainarengan zainengan
locative
allative zainengana zainarengana zainengana
terminative zainenganaino zainarenganaino zainenganaino
directive zainenganantz zainarenganantz zainenganantz
destinative zainenganako zainarenganako zainenganako
ablative zainengandik zainarengandik zainengandik
partitive zainik
prolative zaintzat
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Verb[edit]

zain

  1. Third-person singular (hura), taking informal second-person singular feminine (hiri) as indirect object, present indicative form of izan.

Cimbrian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle High German sein, sīn, from Old High German sīn, from Proto-West Germanic *sīn, from Proto-Germanic *sīnaz (his, hers, its, their own). Cognate with German sein.

Determiner[edit]

zain (plural zain, bon/dar zaindarn) (Sette Comuni)

  1. his, her, its, their
    Dar zain zun machet in zòllander.His son is in the military.
    An tòchtar bon zaindarn ist an léeraren.Their daughter is a teacher.
  2. his, hers, its, theirs
    De khua ist zain.The cow is hers.

Usage notes[edit]

The following rules apply to all Sette Comuni Cimbrian possessive determiners:

  • They are inflected by number and gender in only exclamations (i.e. vocative case).
  • Before nouns, they are inflected for number only and follow the corresponding definite article (a form of dar).
    • The plural ending is -en, or -∅ when the pronoun itself ends in -n.
  • Predicatively, they are uninflected and the definite article is not used.
  • Following bon (of) or dar (the only surviving trace of a genitive definite article; used for all numbers and genders) they end in -darn.

Inflection[edit]

Inflection of zain
masculine feminine neuter plural
zaindar zaina zaines zaine
These inflections are only used in exclamations.

See also[edit]

Possessive determiners
singular plural
1st person main ögnar
2nd person dain ôar
3rd person zain

References[edit]

  • “zain” in Martalar, Umberto Martello; Bellotto, Alfonso (1974) Dizionario della lingua Cimbra dei Sette Communi vicentini, 1st edition, Roana, Italy: Instituto di Cultura Cimbra A. Dal Pozzo

French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Italian zaino

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

zain (feminine singular zaine, masculine plural zains, feminine plural zaines)

  1. (of the coat of a horse, dog etc.) Having no white markings

Further reading[edit]