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This Proto-Germanic entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



Unknown; no known cognates outside Germanic, but an obfuscated substrate origin from a Neolithic language is possible.

Kroonen tentatively compares *ēlō and *alaz (awl).[1]



*ēlaz m[1]

  1. eel


masculine a-stemDeclension of *ēlaz (masculine a-stem)
singular plural
nominative *ēlaz *ēlōz, *ēlōs
vocative *ēl *ēlōz, *ēlōs
accusative *ēlą *ēlanz
genitive *ēlas, *ēlis *ēlǫ̂
dative *ēlai *ēlamaz
instrumental *ēlō *ēlamiz


  • Proto-West Germanic: *āl
    • Old English: ǣl
      • Middle English: el, eel, ele, hele, iel, yele
        • English: eel
        • Scots: eel
        • Yola: eale
    • Old Frisian: ēl
      • Saterland Frisian: Äil
      • West Frisian: iel
    • Old Saxon: āl
      • Middle Low German: âl, êl
        • German Low German: Aal
    • Old Dutch: āl, ael (in placenames)
    • Old High German: āl
      • Middle High German: āl
        • Central Franconian:
          Hunsrik: Ool
          Luxembourgish: Éil
        • German: Aal
        • Rhine Franconian: Ool (West Palatine)
  • Old Norse: áll


  1. 1.0 1.1 Kroonen, Guus (2013), “*ēla-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 116